• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was the Weimar Republic able to survive 1919 - 1929?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Weimar Republic Belinda Aspinall Why was the Weimar Republic able to survive 1919 - 1929? "The Second half of the 1920s is often seen as a period of prosperity for Weimar, a time when the difficulties of the earlier years had been overcome and the democratic republic was able to flourish, (survive, until 1929)" (Dennett, et al). The Weimar republic can be categorised into three distinct time periods; 1918 - 1923 which was a period of political and economic crisis. 1924 - 1929, which was a period of growing economic prosperity, this is sometimes known as the 'Stresemann era' or the 'golden era'. Lastly, 1930 - 1933 (will not be covered in essay) which saw a return to political and economic crisis with the Great Depression. Certainly for Weimar, its political (various rebellions and putsches, weakness of the Weimar constitution, government instability, treaty of Versailles), economic (treaty of Versailles leading to reparations leading to hyperinflation,), social (negative consensus, decease in living standard, role of army, unemployment), and foreign (treaty of Versailles, dawes and young plan, lacarno treaty) issues made the development and survival of democracy difficult. Yet while these factors were important they did not doom the republic to inevitable failure. ...read more.

Middle

This was fundamental in Weimar's survival from 1919 - 1929. It was 'strength at the centre' that Stresemann promoted which united the republic together. This was how Stresemann overcame the problem of proportional representation - the government had enough members of the Reichstag supporting it to pass laws it needed. The Weimar Republic not only faced many political problems that exacerbated the risk of the republic's collapse but also had to face many economic issues. The treaty of Versailles, which formally ended the war, was imposed on Germany and was considered to be very harsh. The treaty of Versailles was an economic burden to Germany in many ways. Germany was forced to give up 13% of its territory and hence lost a portion of its population. This also resulted in the deprivation of natural resources, ships, trains and even factory equipment. The treaty limited Germany's armed forces. One of the most important clauses of the treaty, the war guilt clause, stated that Germany must accept responsibility for loss and damage caused by the war. This meant Germany could be forced to pay reparations. This would prove to be the cause of Germany's hyperinflation and the crisis of 1923 and Germany's biggest economic burden. ...read more.

Conclusion

that Germany could do anything regarding these foreign issues. Stresemann improved Germany's international standing by signing the Locarno Treaty in 1925, agreeing the lose of Alsace Lorraine. In 1926, Germany was allowed to join the League of Nations. Under the new government led by Stresemann Germany had become a world power again. Weimar's 'golden era' can be viewed very differently by different historians. It can be viewed as the period that led to Weimar's survival between 1919 - 1929. "Success in foreign policy created a stable economy and Cultural Revolution and suppressed political violence" (Dixon). An alternative view is critical of Stresemann's actions. For example, in domestic politics there were constant shifts on power adding to the period's instability. As a result, "discontent with party and parliamentary government became widespread, already foreshadowing the transformation into an authoritarian presidential regime" (Kolb, 1988) By the end of 1924, the Weimar Republic appeared to have survived its crisis and to have entered a period of stability. In the first five years of the Weimar republic, survival was a struggle. It had to overcome political (weaknesses, opposition), economic crises, and social and foreign issues. The survival of the Weimar Republic from 1919 - 1929 can be reduced down to the overcoming of rebellions and major achievement in the fields of welfare, culture, politics and economic growth after 1923. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. What problems did the Weimar Republic face from 1919 to 1923, and why did ...

    1922 * January 12, 1922 Adolf Hitler sentenced to three months. * June 24, 1922 Hitler Incarcerated. Also: o Walter Rathenau assassinated. o Reichsmark (RM) was 272 to 1 American dollar * July 27, 1922 Hitler released. * July 1922 670 reichsmarks = 1 US dollar * August 1922 2,000

  2. What problems did the Weimar Republic face between 1919 and 1923?

    a place in the sun" so the loss of their colonies meant that national pride was damaged and the citizens blamed the Weimar Republic for the loss of their colonies. This meant that the Republic had less chance of pleasing the Germans and had national hatred to contend with.

  1. What were the main problems for the Weimar Republic 1918-23?

    There were many contributing factors that enabled the Weimar Republic to overcome the problems it faced and survive. The Weimar government itself took action to save the republic by making changes in the government, taking action to save the economy and introducing emergency powers.

  2. The collapse of the Weimar republic.

    During 1930-1933, the mood in Germany was grim. The worldwide economic depression had hit the country hard, and millions of people were out of work 6 million in 1933. Widespread economic misery, fear, and perception of worse times to come, as well as anger and impatience with the apparent failure

  1. To what extent were the problems of 1919-1923 overcome by the Weimar Government by ...

    Communist electoral support was increasing before 1924, and this indicates that support for the Weimar Constitution was decreasing. This put the Weimar Republic under threat from attempted revolutions and the threat needed to be quenched. The freikorps and the biased nationalistic judges were successful in deterring communist revolutions because after

  2. Was the collapse of the Weimar Republic inevitable?

    Its prosperity relied very much on foreign investment, which could easily be withdrawn without notice. Public spending was also considerably higher than taxation. This is why the Wall Street Crash affected Germany and the Weimar Republic so badly. Foreign investment that Germany relied so heavily on was withdrawn, as investors

  1. History Revision Notes. Key Topic 1: The Weimar Republic 1918-1933.

    Later in 1924,a new independent national bank the Reishbank was given control of this currency . The Dawes Plan. In April 1924, Stresemann agreed the Dawes plan. Charles G Darwin, an American banker had been asked to resolve Germans non- payment under his plan.

  2. To what extent had the Weimar Republic achieved political, economic and social stability by ...

    As a consequence production slowed and unemployment rose. On October 1929 the New York stock market collapsed and the United States began its slide into economic depression. American banks recalled there short term loans to Germany, and the German economy began to collapse. The Great depression triggered large scale unemployment, severe social hardship and political instability.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work