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Why was the Weimar Republic able to survive the challenges of 1918-1923?

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Why was the Weimar Republic able to survive the challenges of 1918-1923? The Weimar Republic came as a solution to the political situation Germany faced straight after the Second World War. The Allies demanded the removal of The Kaiser and in November 1918 it was announced that Germany would have a Democratic Party led by a man called Friedrich Ebert. This moderate left winged party had little support from the German public and faced fierce opposition from other political parties. The S.P.D had taken over control of a country will a ruined economy and low moral. Many would then agree that it had little chance of surviving not one, but several strong challenges. So how did this government survive? I will be reviewing six major challenges, the Putschs made from the left and right, the Versailles Treaty, Hyperinflation and the assassinations. I have chosen these to be "challenges" as I consider them to have had the potential to over throw the government. The Weimar Republic received its first challenge early in 1919, by the U.S.P.D and Spartacus League. These two extreme left parties were not satisfied about the dismissal of a radical official and the proclamation of a democratic republic and so led a spontaneous rising in order to let Germany be ruled by Councils of Soldiers and Workers. ...read more.


A new government headed by Kapp was announced but the Putsch did not win widespread support. The whole of the Germen public refused to recognise the new government and the country went on general strike in protest. This saved the Weimar government as the government governed by Kapp had not the opportunity to govern, the new government fled, and Ebert and his politicians came back to govern Germany again. The German people were obviously unhappy about the way the Kapp Putsch took place, they had not given any support for the Freikorps. Although many German people did not fully support the government they saved the Weimar regime due to the general strike. A challenge from the right did not come again until three years later. There were a total of 354 murders committed by Ring- winged supporters, and only 22 from the left. This wave of assassinations occurred between 1919 and 1923, ring-winged Germans resorted to murder to weaken the Weimar system, the lenient attitude of conservative Judges working at the time encouraged more murders to take place by giving short sentences to those guilty of murder. The Republic lost hundreds of devoted servants through assassination including one of its greatest statesmen Walter Rathenau. Over 700,000 Germans demonstrated in Berlin against his death, His Jewish background and his involvement with the treaty of Versailles made him a target for ultra nationalist parties. ...read more.


He was reluctantly persuaded by General Ludendorff and so never fully believed in the march. Secondly, the march, alike so many others before it, was not properly planned and was uncoordinated. Thirdly, the government still had the support of the army and police forces when the Nazis came face to face with the armed police. Ludendorff had not expected this and was therefore unprepared. From over coming all these challenges it is evident that the Weimar Republic had strong principles. Not only this but the challenges it faced, especially from the left and right parties, did not have the support needed from the German public to cause any change in the government. The left was too divided to have any major impact and the right did not gain enough support. The French may have taken some of the German peoples blame by invading the Ruhr however the financial crisis did knock the government severely, although Streseman's recovery plan did earn the government some credit. The public's opinion of the Weimar Republic was not all hatred, as we can see from the general strike so the Weimar Republic could carry on working with the steady support. The harsh treatment used on those who wanted to overthrow the government, using the army to squash any chance of a revolt, enabled the Weimar Republic to survive. Victoria Levitt 12 AC ...read more.

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