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Why was the Weimar Republic so unpopular with many Germans between 1919 and 1923?

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Introduction

Why was the Weimar Republic so unpopular with many Germans between 1919 and 1923? After The War a new type of government was set up in Germany. This was the Weimar Republic. Between 1919 and 1923 it had to deal with many problems. 1919 saw the Spartacist Rebellion and the new government was forced to agree to the unpopular Treaty of Versailles. In 1920 the Kapp Putsch succeeded in taking over the government for a while. In 1921 Germany began to pay reparations and inflation began to get out of control. Two years later France and Belgium invaded the Ruhr and the hyperinflation was now out of control. The NSDAP, led by Adolf Hitler and General Ludendorff, tried to take over the government at this time. This bad start had three main causes. The First reason why the Weimar Republic started badly was that there were political problems. Some people were very upset that the Kaiser had been forced to leave. This was a politically a bad start because it showed that some people would have preferred to have had the previous political system. The communists disliked the new republic because not much would change. The workers would still be poor and the rich would still be rich. ...read more.

Middle

The President of the Weimar Republic had potential to become a military dictator. This was a political problem for the Weimar Republic because the President could ignore the Chancellor and the Reichstag. Another reason why the Weimar Republic started so badly was that there were economic problems. The Communists disliked the new republic because not much would change. The workers would still be poor and the rich would still be rich. They wanted the workers to have power. This was economically a problem because the communists had different views on wages and on money from other groups in Germany. Hyperinflation made money worthless by 1923. People with savings or pensions suffered a lot. The people that had lost the value of their saved money would be 'poverty-stricken' and would want the original value of their money back with compensation. The new government of Germany was the SPD. Many people disliked them because they only helped the workers. The people that were not 'workers' disagreed that workers should receive even wages. Germany had lots of reparations to pay after 1921 (�6,000,000,000). This was an economic problem for the Weimar Republic because Germany could not afford to pay these vast sums of money to other countries, after having paid for a huge war. ...read more.

Conclusion

This was linked to the Treaty of Versailles because Germany had not kept their part of the reparations agreements. Some people disliked democracy. They preferred a strong leader who would decide what was best and tell them what to do. This was a bad start for the Weimar Republic because they were replacing a political system that was banned by the Treaty of Versailles, but loved by many internally. The Treaty of Versailles upset many Germans because it took away land from Germany; made her pay reparations; made her army very small. This part of the Treaty of Versailles made the early years of the Weimar Republic very difficult because the some of the German people wanted revenge for their shock (to them) treatment at the Treaty of Versailles, they had been thinking that Wilsons fourteen points would be all. In conclusion I think that the main reason why the Weimar Republic got off to such a bad start before 1923 was that they had too many political problems. I think that there were too many groups of people that either wanted the old political system or wanted a new one. The fact that the Weimar Republic was so weak (power was shared to evenly or not evenly enough) did not help it's popularity. The sizes of the debts that Germany owed were too big for a new government to handle, especially a coalition government. ...read more.

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Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

The author covers the key problems faced by the government well, with some good explanation in places. However, there is a great deal of repetition, suggesting that the author could have planned the response more carefully or used a different structure that they were more comfortable with. 4 out of 5 stars.

Marked by teacher Natalya Luck 09/04/2013

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