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Why was there a crisis over Cuba in 1962?

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Introduction

Super Power Rivalry A) Why was there a crisis over Cuba in 1962? There were a few main reasons why there was a crisis over Cuba in 1962. After the Second World War and the defeat of Nazi Germany in 1945, there was growing competition between America and Russia while Stalin was in power. In 1945, during the Cold War, communism was at its height as Stalin had taken over Poland, Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary and Czechoslovakia in his plan to spread communism throughout Eastern Europe. America, determined to put a halt to the ongoing spread of communism, used the Truman Doctrine and Marshall plan to gain interest away from Russian dominancy. Throughout 1946, relations between the USA and the Soviet Union were rapidly deteriorating. ...read more.

Middle

All these key events helped encourage the growing aggression between the USA and the Soviet Union thus causing an almost catastrophic nuclear disaster. In the large Caribbean island Cuba from 1959; the USA controlled almost all of its industry. But after years of guerrilla fighting against the dictatorship of Cuban leader Fulgencio Batista, Cuba broke into a revolution, resulting in a man named Fidel Castro coming to power. America, already intimidated by the Communist spread, were appalled to find out Cuba had a Soviet-style Government set up; also looking to the Soviet Union for support in their rebellious act against the Americans. Cuba was only ninety miles from the USA and America was getting increasingly worried how this could effect them and their Democratic policies. ...read more.

Conclusion

The missiles were easily capable of reaching America from Cuba. America, completely unknown to this military advance, soon found out when on the 14th of October an American U2-Spyplane flew over Cuba and spotted nuclear missile sites planted there. The missiles could reach prime cities in the USA and this worried them. This was when the crisis really started and the reason for this was due to the Cold War and America being so determined to wipe out Communism that they found themselves in an almost total nuclear war against Cuba and the Soviet Union. Without the continuing spread of communism throughout Europe and the increasing aggression between the USA and USSR, there would have been no crisis at all and America wouldn't have reacted so intensely towards Cuba and its Government. Lawrence Hayes 11R ...read more.

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