• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was there a revolution in March 1917?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why was there a revolution in March 1917? Russia was a very backward country compared with the other European countries. There were few factories before 1890 and there had been little industrial development in Russia. By 1990, however, many peasants were leaving the countryside to work in the towns and industry made twice as much in 1990 as in 1890. This meant that towns like Moscow and StPetersburg grew up quickly. In these towns grew slums where the working class, that had previously not existed at all, lived. The increased population of the towns meant there was more pressure on Russia's farmers to produce more food, which could not be done with the medieval farming methods still in use. In other words Russia was in the middle of an industrial revolution when the Tsar was forced to abdicate in 1917. All other European countries had been through the same process, but without such a drastic side effect. Whereas in England and France the government had changed to accommodate the needs of the new social order, in Russia these changes had been used as an excuse to get rid of the Tsar. Therefore, it was largely the Tsar's inadequacy as a ruler and the mistakes he made that led to a revolution in 1917. ...read more.

Middle

In it the proletariat and the peasants were highly under-represented. Even so the Tsar failed to accept it as a governing body and it was only by the time of the fourth Duma that he begun to work with it. After 1905, life did begin to change in Russia and a key figure responsible for these changes was Stolypin, the Prime Minister appointed by the Tsar. He used the army to exert the Tsar's power in the countryside by setting up military courts that could sentence and hang a person on the spot. The hangman's noose became known as Stolypin's necktie. The terror this caused was heightened by the still-active Okhrana that had many informers. People were required to carry internal passports and travellers to register with the police of the area they were staying in. In 1911, Stolypin affected changes in the countryside to make agriculture more productive. Peasants could buy land from their neighbours with money borrowed from a peasant's bank set up by Stolypin. The aim in this was to create a wealthy class of peasants loyal to the government, kulaks. 15% took up this offer and Stolypin's theory appeared to have worked with record harvests in 1913. The poorer peasants became labourers or factory workers. ...read more.

Conclusion

Instead of shooting at the crowds, they shot at their officers. The Tsar had lost the support of the army. The Tsar could not survive revolution this time. He had lost the support of the army that had been very important to him in keeping control by suppressing any opposition. Underneath him the people had always been divided into different political factions but this time only a portion of the aristocracy supported him. On 15 March, the railway workers did not allow the Tsar's train into Petrograd. Certain army officials entered the Tsar's compartment to ask him to abdicate but the Tsar had already decided to do this in favour of his brother as his son's medical condition meant that there would be added difficulty to his ruling. However, Russia had had enough of the Tsars. Some people think that abdication was the biggest mistake of all as it meant certain ruination for the Romanovs. The 1917 revolution was the result of a combination of factors. In the short term, the First World War was an important cause, but there was a growing dissatisfaction with the Tsarist regime and the economic and social hardships it caused, that nearly boiled over in 1905. Everything that ever happened or did not happen in Russia could be shown as a reason for it but what made it so significant was what happened after the overthrowing of the Tsar with the Provisional Government and Lenin. Sheera Suner ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. What were the causes of the Russian Revolution in March 1917?

    He did not visit factories or villages, or go on tours. His information about what was going on came from a small number of people, who were quite happy to protect him from the realities of life in Russia. In addition, because Russia was such a large country to run,

  2. The Factors which Lead to the Abdication of Tsar Nicholas in March 1917

    Furthermore the army was running low on basic equipment, some men had no boots and in other cases one rifle was shared between three! The army suffered food shortages and many soldiers went hungry. This resulted in the army, like many other groups, to turn against the Tsar.

  1. Why did the Tsarist regime fall in 1917?

    would have been discontented by posters such as source G, which they would believe to be true. People were used to doing what the Tsar said, through bad times and good. They never saw the possibility that there was another way.

  2. Why did the Tsar survive the revolution of 1905, but not that of 1917?

    There were many bad consequences from this war and the frustration of the Russian people was heightened; they could no longer tolerate Nicholas's ignorance. 87% of imports could no longer reach Russia because the western frontier was closed and railways were inconvenient most of the time.

  1. Why does the Tsar abdicate in 1917?

    By then, the keg had already exploded. War, was perhaps, in terms of social unrest a helping point in the sense that it provided economic reasons to back up revolution, and to a certain degree meant that less blood was shed as the Petrograd Garrison mutinied. The Russian army, and its soldiers, was simply another hand (or gun)

  2. Long and short-term causes contributed to the March 1917 Revolution.

    Although this reason began in the 1860's, it became increasingly worse in September 1915, when the Tsar went to war. The public were aware of Rasputin and his influence into most of the bad decisions that the Tsarina made. The dislike for Rasputin added fuel to the flames of Revolutionary

  1. Free essay

    Why did the March 1917 Revolution Happen?

    The army was getting mad at the Tsar and his officials, and this only increased as time went by. Back at home, every family had a relative they lost. Working classes worked a lot and did not receive much. Food in farming was to be sent to the war fronts.

  2. "Why did the Tsar survive the revolution of 1905 but not that of March ...

    In the next months, civil unrest spread through Russia and the situation was getting out of hand for the Tsar, he had two choices; either put down the uprising with force which would therefore created a massive bloodshed or he could give in and make concessions.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work