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Why was There a Revolution in Russia in 1905?

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Why was There a Revolution in Russia in 1905? In Russia in 1905 there was a revolution. It occurred because of many long term, and short term causes, however was triggered by one main event that will be examined later. The main causes that will be looked at in detail are; the long-term political problems involving the tsar, the backward economy, and the rigid social system. The short-term causes to be examined include; the Russo-Japanese war, and the main cause, the 'Bloody Sunday' massacre. The long-term events leading up to the revolution in 1905, were mostly political problems, and the dislike of the autocratic rule at the time. The tsar tried to ease to continuing problems by emancipating the serfs, however they were still being taxed with redemption repayments. This lead to growing unrest as they called for further rights, and so it can be classed as long term cause of the revolution. This lead to the political organization the "Land and Freedom" formed by the 'Populists' or 'Narodniks'. ...read more.


Finally the last long-term cause of the 1905 revolution was the weaknesses of Tsar Nicholas II. When Alexander III died in 1894, his son, Nicholas II, succeeded him. He was the last Tsar. He still believed that it was his sacred duty to uphold the principle of autocracy, but he was unsuited to be an autocrat, as he was weak and indecisive leader. His unadvised decisions as the Tsar led to the rapid growth of a proletariat class in industrial towns, and both middle class and Marxist political parties. The short-term causes of the war were firstly the Russo-Japanese war and secondly, and the trigger cause, 'Bloody Sunday'. The Russo-Japanese war was purely used by the Tsar to gain public support for himself. He used the possibility of a successful war to divert the discontent of the Russians from his tyrannical rule. In February 1904, He chose to go to war with Japan. The Russo-Japanese War was a disaster to the tsar. ...read more.


The demonstrators, who were carrying the portraits of the tsar, and of the orthodox saints, assembled on the square in front of the Winter Palace. At this moment, the crowd still thought that they were "the children of the tsar" who would rectify their grievances. Suddenly the guards of the Winter Palace fired on the crowd, and the still loyal Cossack soldiers charged into the thousands of demonstrators. More than a hundred people were killed, and several hundreds wounded. After the massacre, the Russians lost their age-old faith in the Tsar as the great guardian of the people. This was the beginning of a new age for Russia. There was a revolution in Russia in 1905, because of the many long and short term causes. The most important long-term cause was most probably Russia's backward, and rigid social system. The most important short-term was obviously the trigger and beginning of the revolution, the Bloody Sunday massacre. All of the long-term causes suggest that at some stage there will be a mass rising of the people, but the trigger cause showed that a revolution was imminent. ...read more.

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