• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was There a Revolution in Russia in 1905?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why was There a Revolution in Russia in 1905? In Russia in 1905 there was a revolution. It occurred because of many long term, and short term causes, however was triggered by one main event that will be examined later. The main causes that will be looked at in detail are; the long-term political problems involving the tsar, the backward economy, and the rigid social system. The short-term causes to be examined include; the Russo-Japanese war, and the main cause, the 'Bloody Sunday' massacre. The long-term events leading up to the revolution in 1905, were mostly political problems, and the dislike of the autocratic rule at the time. The tsar tried to ease to continuing problems by emancipating the serfs, however they were still being taxed with redemption repayments. This lead to growing unrest as they called for further rights, and so it can be classed as long term cause of the revolution. This lead to the political organization the "Land and Freedom" formed by the 'Populists' or 'Narodniks'. ...read more.

Middle

Finally the last long-term cause of the 1905 revolution was the weaknesses of Tsar Nicholas II. When Alexander III died in 1894, his son, Nicholas II, succeeded him. He was the last Tsar. He still believed that it was his sacred duty to uphold the principle of autocracy, but he was unsuited to be an autocrat, as he was weak and indecisive leader. His unadvised decisions as the Tsar led to the rapid growth of a proletariat class in industrial towns, and both middle class and Marxist political parties. The short-term causes of the war were firstly the Russo-Japanese war and secondly, and the trigger cause, 'Bloody Sunday'. The Russo-Japanese war was purely used by the Tsar to gain public support for himself. He used the possibility of a successful war to divert the discontent of the Russians from his tyrannical rule. In February 1904, He chose to go to war with Japan. The Russo-Japanese War was a disaster to the tsar. ...read more.

Conclusion

The demonstrators, who were carrying the portraits of the tsar, and of the orthodox saints, assembled on the square in front of the Winter Palace. At this moment, the crowd still thought that they were "the children of the tsar" who would rectify their grievances. Suddenly the guards of the Winter Palace fired on the crowd, and the still loyal Cossack soldiers charged into the thousands of demonstrators. More than a hundred people were killed, and several hundreds wounded. After the massacre, the Russians lost their age-old faith in the Tsar as the great guardian of the people. This was the beginning of a new age for Russia. There was a revolution in Russia in 1905, because of the many long and short term causes. The most important long-term cause was most probably Russia's backward, and rigid social system. The most important short-term was obviously the trigger and beginning of the revolution, the Bloody Sunday massacre. All of the long-term causes suggest that at some stage there will be a mass rising of the people, but the trigger cause showed that a revolution was imminent. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. What Were The Causes Of The 1905 Russian Revolution? How Successful Was This Revolution?

    Another thing that bothered the people of Russia is that of the uneven class divide. Many people in Russia were peasants (nearly 80%), and for them, life would be extremely difficult. They were people who were very poor and lived in small wooden huts and worked very long hours.

  2. What were the causes of the 1905 Revolution in Russia?

    Like most other political groups, power was limited due to the Tsar's autocratic rule. The educated middle class in Russia believed that they had a right, like their peers in Europe, to some sort of representative democracy. However, such a system would fail in an autocratic state because the two were not compatible together in the eyes of Nicholas II.

  1. Why was there a revolution in Russia in 1905?

    It valued Russian speakers and meant that only they could receive decent qualifications. Russification also touched on long established legal systems and more importantly attempted to convert all to the Orthodox Church.

  2. In this essay I am going to asses the impact that Stalin had on ...

    4 12 22 31 Coal (million tons) 9 35 76 166 Steel (million tons) 0.2 4 7 18 Electricity (billion kWh) 0.5 5 16 48 Trucks (millions) 0 0.7 4 14 Tractors (millions) 0 0.1 7 3 Shoes (million pairs) 28 58 90 211 The Great Purges lasted from 1934 to 1938.

  1. Why was there a revolution in Russia in 1905

    Since landlords could not, or would not, pay labourers and since the peasants could not afford land themselves, almost a quarter of the previously cultivated area fell into disuse. The rapidly increasing population put great pressure of existing resources of food, especially in times of bad harvest.

  2. Evaluate the causes of the 1905 revolution

    the regime's dilemma, 3'How to advance the state by educating the people without educating the people to question the state'. Some historians argue that from this point revolution in Russia was inevitable, once the people were educated they would undoubtedly question the autocratic power of the tsar and his bureaucracy.

  1. How Successful Was Roosevelt’s New Deal?

    Source A depicts Stalin in a negative light as the caption, when translated, reads, 'Visit the pyramids of the U.S.S.R.'. The cartoon also shows piles of skulls that have been shaped into pyramids. Perched on top of the piles of skulls are several black Ravens.

  2. Tsar's Russia & revolution, Hitler's rise to power revison notes.

    Steel factories and armaments factories on strike. Cossacks (loyal soldiers) went against Tsar. Tsar said he wanted to share power but 3 days later they forced him to abdicate. The Bolsheviks and Lenin A party that came out of the SLDP. They wanted to have a majority party and get as many people involved unlike the Mensheviks (minority)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work