• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was there a revolution in Russia in 1905

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why was there a revolution in Russia in 1905? Geography has dominated Russia's history. It was difficult to communicate across the large seas. Much of the North and East were nearly uninhabitable, whereas the Black earth areas were extremely rich. Russian policy faced a question: is Russia a Western or European country, with the same interests as other European Powers, or an Asiatic Power with interest there? This debate, between the "Westernises and "Russophiles", was very complicated because of the variety of nationalities in the Russian Empire. Russia was a leading Slav nation with Moslems, Chinese, Polish and others living there. These various factors presented problems for Russian government. Alexander II was at first a reforming Tsar, ending serfdom, reducing restriction, creating zemstvos, introducing a new legal system, which had juries and trained judges, introducing a less random system of conscription and reducing the length of military service. However, by modern standards he was reactionary beyond all measure, banning trade unions in 1874 and maintaining an enormous army and police force. He was killed in 1881. ...read more.

Middle

Famines, in which hundreds of thousands people died. The economic shoot of the 1890's put pressure on the political and social structure of Russia. The industrial growth rate at that time was higher even than rates in USA. In the last decade of the 19th century, the number of industrial workers in Russia increased by almost a million. This of course led to crises in urban space; new consumer demands. The shock waves of industrialisation spread from the towns to the overload peasantry. Moreover, the process of industrialisation was artificial, being forced by government policy rather than resulting from natural increases in demand. The relationship between the economic changes and the development of the opposition was evident: there was direct protest from those who suffered the most- factory workers in terrible slums, starving peasants in the countryside. And the economic boom brought increased contact with Western ideas about government and society. The revolutionary events of 1905 were preceded by a series of decisions and accidents. There were signs of discontent among both the urban and rural poor. ...read more.

Conclusion

There was no more terrorism. Tsar's uncle, the governor of Moscow was assassinated in February, in March the Tsar promised a "consultative" assembly, religious toleration, language rights for the Polish minority and cancellation of a part of the redemption dues for the peasants. But still some strikes continued and the Tsar was worried about losing what support he had, so in August he pledged of March and promised the Duma will be elected. The only good thing happened was making peace with Japan, the treaty of Portsmouth. Finally he gave in and issued the October manifesto on 30 October. This promised: a parliament or Duma elected by the people, civil rights - e.g. freedom of speech and conscience, uncensored newspapers and the right form political parties. The liberals and middle classes believed they had won democratic government. They stopped their protests and supported the government. By December, with all the troops back in Russia, the tsar felt strong enough to take back control. He used force to close down the St Petersburg Soviet and crush an armed uprising in Moscow. He sent out troops to take revenge on workers and peasants who had rioted and bring them under control. The Revolution was failed Made by: Tene M�erand Year 12 PF. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Stalin man or monster

    However this source is biased as it is published in the Soviet Union and at the time of Stalin being alive. However some of these qualities are true the fact he is devoted to his party and his iron will has contributed to communism.

  2. Tsar's Russia & revolution, Hitler's rise to power revison notes.

    Went to Munich to flee being made to fight in Austrian army but then joined German Army. There he got the highest award you could get in the army. He resented the fact that the war had ended. He was then a spy for the German government and he was

  1. The blance sheet for russia.

    Rents were fixed at about 6 per cent of the monthly income, and were last increased in 1928. A small flat in Moscow, up until recently, cost about �11 a month, which included gas, electricity, telephone and unlimited hot water.

  2. Stalin and Russia - Sources Question

    We have to be very careful when examining this passage however. We have to remember that this was written by Stalin. It may give us some evidence on him but politicians would tend to portray their stories in a favourable light especially when it is known to them to become public knowledge.

  1. In spite of the Czar's decrees and declarations, Russia, by the beginning of the ...

    At this time, the Czar did not lead, his ministers bickered amongst themselves, and cliques and special-interest groups interfered with the conduct of government. Nicholas II never took interest in public opinion, and seemed oblivious to what was happening around him. He was still convinced he could handle Russia himself.

  2. Why was there a revolution in Russia in 1905?

    For example, during the Baku Oil Strike of 1903 the price of oil fell which inevitably led to the reduction of payment, to the deterioration of working conditions, and an increased number of unemployed. This led to a massive workers strike in July.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work