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Why was there a revolution in Russia in 1905?

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Why was there a revolution in Russia in 1905? The Russian revolution in 1905 happened for a number of reasons. The four main reasons were the workers problems, the Russo-Japanese war, Bloody Sunday and the Tsars personality. On the morning of, January 22nd 1905, a peaceful procession made up of factory workers and there families, led by Father Gapon, went to the Winter Palace. The march to the palace was to raise awareness about how angry the workers were. The kinds of things they were angry about were long hours of work a day. An unfair wage system, and ending of the war and a duma so they can have a say about things they wanted. Instead of seeing their Tsar, two hundred of the peaceful demonstrators of the procession got shot and killed by nervous, panic stricken soldiers. Whilst this was happening, the Tsar wasn't even in the palace. ...read more.


Most of the money that the country had was put towards the war and not to its people. Also for munitions the workers hours increased more than they already had. Russia was at war with Japan which we know as, 'The Russo-Japanese War'. Russia, thinking that they were the greatest militarized country in the world, led them to believe that Japan would be an easy target. However, they underestimated the power of the Japanese and as a result they suffered many humiliating defeats at sea and on land. The Japanese sunk the whole of the Russian Navy. This made the Russian people angry, so the opposition against Nicholas grew. This attempt of victory was to gain land and to help the Tsar's reputation, but things didn't go as planned. Finally, the war wouldn't have happened if the Tsar wasn't an autocrat. Being an autocrat meant that he had total power over Russia, and as Nicholas was so stubborn and ignorant he wasn't prepared to share it. ...read more.


The Tsar had a German wife called Alexandra. She was very unpopular and many believed she was a German spy. He also had four daughters. Nicholas was very religious and believed that God had sent him to rule Russia. This increased his determination to rule with an iron fist and led him to become extremely self righteous. He believed that he would be successful in everything he did. He understood that it was "God's Will" that he was to rule Russia, so he thought that he was unbeatable. However, this was not the case as was shown in the war against Japan when the attack failed tragically for the Russians. Although I can see that there were many links/steps that led up to the 1905 revolution, Bloody Sunday was the main spark. Evidence shows that the Tsar's personality also had a great impact. If he was not so stubborn and didn't go to war with Japan and listened to the workers who were complaining, they would have never protested with father Gapon and wouldn't have resulted with bloody Sunday. Therefore the revolution may have been avoided. ...read more.

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