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Why Was There A War in 1914?

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Why Was there a War in Europe in 1914? In 1914, an event occurred that shook the world; World War 1. This was the first major war and about 135 countries participated. There were many other names for this war- The Great War, and The War to End all Wars. This war went on for four years from 1914 to 1918. Over 40 million people died fighting for their countries. This essay will look at the causes of World War 1 and attempt to explain how these reasons could have caused the war. There were many reasons for which could have started World War 1. Nobody is sure of the main reason but all the reasons put together is the answer. Balkan Wars This war involved Serbia, Turkey (Ottoman Empire), Montenegro, Bulgaria and Greece. King Ferdinand of Bulgaria was very rich with a huge army. Turkey collapsed after having so much wealth and the countries bordering, went 'in for glory'. King Peter of Serbia gained the most from the collapse of Turkey. Serbia and Bosnia, wanted to be one country so Serbia with its power supplied weapons for Bosnia. Serbia wanted to take over Austria- Hungary. People believe that this was the spark that started World War One. ...read more.


In 1894, France made an alliance with Russia. This was so that if there was any trouble with the countries in between, e.g. Germany, they would have nowhere to go and both France and Russia could press through the middle with pressure on either side. In 1902, Great Britain made a naval treaty with Japan so they did not have to worry about their empire in the Pacific. In 1904, France made an agreement with Great Britain called the Entente Cordiale (= 'Friendly Relationship' - not a formal alliance, but a promise to work together). In 1907, Britain made an Entente with Russia thus forming the Triple Entente (France, Russia and Great Britain. The countries in Europe thought that making alliances with other countries would stop there being a war but in fact, it tied the countries together so if one country went to war, so would the others. Here is a diagram showing the alliances of the Triple Alliance and the Triple Entente: This is one of the reasons why the war had so many countries involved but not exactly a reason to why the war started. When one country decided to go to war, the alliances of the defending country had to help them and then fight back and then the alliance of the attacking country have to help the attackers, so that is how more and more countries became involved. ...read more.


They ruled colonies from Asia, Africa and the Pacific (America). If two countries wanted to take over the same colony, they had to have a small fight to take over it. Economic Rivalry There were many economic conflicts between Britain and Germany. Germany was industrializing fast and was competing against British manufacturers. France had lost their main coal producing provinces (Alsace and Lorraine) to Germany so they had to import coal from other countries. Every country wanted to show their superiority though richness but this was also nationalist. How the Causes are Linked Why was there a war in Europe in 1914? Nobody knows for sure, why there was a war in 1914; therefore it is not possible to give the reason. The events that led up to the war are the most likely reason for the war. For example, Turkey wanted revenge from the countries that gained from its collapse so was looking for the spark that would let them go ahead. Many people believe that it was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand that caused the war because from there, Austria- Hungary declared war on Serbia, so Russia was brought in to the war, and then so was Germany, Britain- and their empire, India, Australia, Africa, New Zealand- Italy and a lot of the other countries. To be accurate, the war was caused by of all the happenings before the war. ?? ?? ?? ?? By Ravi Sud 9S ...read more.

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