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Why Was There Another Revolution in 1917?

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Why Was There Another Revolution in 1917? In February 1917 the Tsar was overthrown in the first revolution of that year. This was due to the loss in confidence by the middle and upper classes. This created the Provisional Government, led by Prince Lvov, and Petrograd Soviet which was designed to act on behalf of the people and solve the problems brought about by the war. However later on, in October a second revolution took place led by Lenin to overthrow the Provisional government. Another revolution so soon after the deposition of the leaders of the first and so sudden a change after the oppression of the Tsarist regime seem strange. Yet many factors show how conflicting interests and individual forces in Russia at the time led to the overthrow of the Provisional government. The crucial failure of the first revolution was to deal with the problems of economic hardship and social unrest. ...read more.


The left represented by the Petrograd Soviet controlled the railways and communications services. They also held control of army rank and file, restricting any influence of the Provisional government. As well as this grass roots extremism was on the increase with peasants taking the law into their own hands over the land reforms. They began seizing land and factory soviets overtook the running of factories. The main problem with appeasing the left was the demands and lack of confidence in the Provisional government from the right. This is highlighted by the attempted Kornilov Coup of August/September 1917. Kornilov wanted tighter controls on the left and their domination of the Provisional (many had joined the Provisional government and Kerensky, a SR, had replaced Prince Lvov), but also he was concerned about the German army entering Petrograd. ...read more.


He also built up the Red Guard with money from the Germans and was determined to lead a workers revolution. In conclusion it was clear that the Provisional government was never given the time to prove itself to work or not. It can be seen that it was merely used by the left to give them time and to build support for another revolution. The Provisional government was undermined and dogged by fighting from both sides. This just further highlighted its weaknesses and failures such as continuation of the war, self-interests of the right and unwillingness for reform. The unrest and economic chaos that this produced created the right conditions for revolution in Russia for the second time in a year. After the complete oppression of the Tsar the people of Russia wanted a government, which would represent their interests, however the Provisional government continued the oppression by the upper and middle classes. Kerri Waters ...read more.

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