• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was there nearly a civil war in Ireland in 1914.

Extracts from this document...


Why was there nearly a civil war in Ireland in 1914? Ireland was invaded by the Norman King, Henry II in 1155. In 1169 Dermot Macmurrough the Irish King of Leinster needed help in a rebellion. Therefore, he went and asked Henry II who sent Strongbow to his aid. Strongbow sent soldiers and later married Macmurrough's daughter, and later became King of Leinster when Macmurrough died. Afraid that Strongbow was becoming to powerful, Henry II decided to become the ruler of Ireland himself. The invasion of Ireland brought the Norman and English settlers and Irish natives together which led to friendliness. To prevent this, the Laws of Kilkenny were passed in 1366. In the 1530s the English tried to extend there control over the Irish. The English King Henry VIII broke away from the Roman Catholic Church and set up his own Protestant Church in England. He tried to enforce this in Ireland but was met with strong opposition. He then passed laws to extend English control over Ireland by making the Irish speak English and adopt the English way of life. The conflict in Ireland continued in the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (1558-1603). Many Irish Catholic lords rebelled against Protestantism and English rule. Elizabeth was afraid that Ireland would ally with England's Catholic enemies. ...read more.


These places were cut of from each other, causing the towns and cities to be divided into two communities. Competition for jobs and close proximity increased the tension which led to riots. Ireland consists of 70% of farmland. But in 1870 only 3% of the population were landowners. Hatred of the landowners was common and aggravated by the fact that most of them were descended from the Scottish and English Protestants who had settles on land taken away from the Catholics. The Catholics lived as tenants but felt they had more right to the land than their landlords. To solve this problem the British Government put controls on the power of landlords. By the end of the nineteenth century many Protestant landlords were selling off their land. The British also helped Tenants to buy land by passing many acts. In 1846 there was a total failure of the potato crop in Ireland. Ireland was a land of peasant farmers. They lived almost entirely on potatoes. When all the food was gone, thousands began to die of starvation and disease. A million people died in the potato famine. Others tried to escape misery and death by emigrating. They went to United States and others to Canada. The potato famine of the 1840s nearly halved the population. ...read more.


The House of Lords could now only delay bills for two years. In 1912 another Home Rule Bill was introduced. It was due to become a law in 1914. The Unionists, were furious and prepared to resist Home Rule in Ulster. In 1913 the Ulster Volunteer Force was formed to resist Home Rule by force. In 1914 most Protestants wanted Ireland to remain united with Great Britain under the Act of Union of 1800. In a united independent Ireland Roman Catholics would outnumber them and be able to outvote them. The Unionist leaders prepared to make Ulster independent of both Ireland and Great Britain. In March 1914 the Liberal Government suggested that the British army would be used to force the Unionists to accept Home Rule. Large amounts of money were raised to buy guns from Germany to arm the UVF. A Civil War looked inevitable both the Irish Volunteers and the UVF were prepared to fight. Yet Ulster was still loyal to the King of England. This loyalty was put to the test when England went to war with Germany and Austria in August 1914. To win the Unionists' support it was agreed to delay Home Rule until the war was over. The threat of civil war between Irish Nationalists and Protestants in Ulster was lifted by the outbreak of the first World War in 1914. Randeep Karwal ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Ireland and World War 1

    3 star(s)

    The British military leader, Lord Kitcher, was glad to have Ulster Unionists in the army but he wanted them to join existing regiments. Carson (who,with Craig, was in the War Office with Kitcher) disagreed, he wanted the Ulstermen to be kept together, organized like the UVF.

  2. Conflict in Ireland

    The next attempt made by the British Government was the Anglo-Irish Agreement, 1985. This was agreed between the British Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher and the Irish Taoiseach (Prime Minister) Garret Fitzgerald on 15th November 1985. A joint committee of North and South was set up to discuss matters such as security, legal and political issues.

  1. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    And they would argue that in doing this they are taking the IRA away from the armed struggle and leading them into the political process. There is a view, not only in the British political establishment, but certainly even in the administration of this country, probably more strong in the

  2. Did Partition solve the problems in Ireland

    Since then they have joined the European Economic Community and in a recent referendum the public of Eire showed little interest in keeping hold of their claim to the north. For the minority in Eire, the protestants/unionists, time has come were they all play an equal role in the republic

  1. How serious was the crisis in Ireland between 1909 and 1914?

    and the other pushing for independence. Admittedly, the task of containing aggression was a difficult task, but Asquith's "wait and see" tactics did not help the situation, his only chance of solving the matter was to either stick to his original plan of granting the whole of Ireland Home Rule

  2. Northern Ireland

    This not only lead to sadness and bitterness in both religions, but thousands of pounds of damage was done and many companies had to start over. Dublin was a mess. As another result of it 15 rebel leaders were executed by a firing squad and many others received long prison sentences.

  1. The 1913 lockout, 1916 rising, the treaty of 1921 and the causes of the ...

    He took on the employers with success. William Martin Murphy led the employers against the trade union. The employers locked their employees out from work and literally starved they back to work. When they protested outside their workplaces the police charged on the employees with batons.

  2. Ireland coursework-Part AIreland has had a lot of trouble over the years for many ...

    Another incident in the past which has led to problems today was the act of union. This was after William of Orange had defeated James 2nd's Catholic army, in 1690 giving Protestants more power in Ireland. The Protestants ruled from government headquarters in Dublin, strictly controlled by the English King.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work