• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was there such a major crisis between the superpowers over Cuba in 1962?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why was there such a major crisis between the superpowers over Cuba in 1962? When Fidel Castro overthrew the Cuban government he nationalised businesses in Cuba. Many of these were American. This angered the USA and provoked them to ban imports of Cuban sugar. As the USA would not buy the produce, Castro turned to the USSR to trade in return for oil and machinery. This made the alliance between Cuba and the USSR stronger. ...read more.

Middle

When they arrived they were outnumbered and within three days were killed or arrested. The failure of this attack made the USA and especially Kennedy look vulnerable causing Khrushchev to believe that he could push Kennedy about. It also made Castro more popular. However, his failure at the Bay of Pigs made Kennedy more determined to stand up against the USSR in the future as he had been humiliated at both the Bay of Pigs and over the Berlin Wall. ...read more.

Conclusion

From their position in Cuba, any major American city was in range, the USA felt threatened by this as they felt that the USSR were 'in their own back yard.' In 1962 the USA discovered the missile bases on Cuba after Khrushchev had denied that they were anything other than SAMs (Surface to Air missiles) for defence. An American U2 spy plane discovered the missile sites and prompted Kennedy to blockade Cuba and issue an Ultimatum to the USSR, that the missiles must be removed within 30 days. This began the Cuban Missile crisis of 1962, where the world came within 2 days of nuclear war. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did the relations between superpowers worsen between 1945-1949?

    On 12 May 1949 Stalin, humiliated, abandoned the blockade. Stalin's humilation did not improve the relations between the USSR and the West; when the US claimed victory, the Iron Curtain became permanent and Germany was divided into the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany)

  2. 1) Describe how relations between the superpowers worsened between 1959 ...

    Why did a crisis develop in 1962 about Cuba? The tensions between the two superpowers, America and Russia, had been gradually rising from 1945 up to 1962. The main races going on are the arms race and space race. There was also the rivalry between the leaders in America and Russia.

  1. Was the Cuban Missile Crisis a turning point in Relations between the Superpowers?

    sides were determined as ever to claim victory and prove either capitalism or communism to be a better ideology! The race was finally ended when the US claimed victory as Neil Armstrong climbed out of the Apollo 11 lunar module and became the first person on the moon.

  2. The Cuban Missile Crisis: Was President Kennedy the Saviour of the Cuban Missile Crisis?

    On top of all this he also has to maintain his credibility as a President. It was now obvious to all that the Soviets were taking numerous ships to complete the firing ability. Now, in Kennedy's consideration he had to work out why the Soviet Union desired to place weapons of mass destruction on Cuba.

  1. The relationship between the two superpowers of USA and Russia worsened between 1959 and ...

    This was an American invasion of Cuba in April 1961, with 1400 men landing in the Bay of Pigs. The whole affair was a disaster as the Cuban people did not support them and it pushed Castro even more into the arms of the Russians.

  2. History Cuba Missile Crisis

    During the spring and early summer USSR began to get building materials for the building of the Berlin Wall. Although this was widely known, only the high up soviet leaders and planner new that it would seal West Germany completely off.

  1. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    In the 1960's, the USSR might impose its Brezhnev Doctrine on Eastern countries but not on China. * Old fashioned nationalist dispute between the USSR and China about their long common border in Asia - reminder that the two were more traditional rivals in North Asia than allies * Soviets

  2. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    Although Regan despised the ideology of communism, he liked Gorbachev?s character and was willing to work with the USSR. Another key feature was the Reykjavik conference of 1986 where Gorbachev offered a series of concessions that took the USA by surprise.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work