• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was there such a major crisis between the superpowers over Cuba in 1962?

Extracts from this document...


Why was there such a major crisis between the superpowers over Cuba in 1962? When Fidel Castro overthrew the Cuban government he nationalised businesses in Cuba. Many of these were American. This angered the USA and provoked them to ban imports of Cuban sugar. As the USA would not buy the produce, Castro turned to the USSR to trade in return for oil and machinery. This made the alliance between Cuba and the USSR stronger. ...read more.


When they arrived they were outnumbered and within three days were killed or arrested. The failure of this attack made the USA and especially Kennedy look vulnerable causing Khrushchev to believe that he could push Kennedy about. It also made Castro more popular. However, his failure at the Bay of Pigs made Kennedy more determined to stand up against the USSR in the future as he had been humiliated at both the Bay of Pigs and over the Berlin Wall. ...read more.


From their position in Cuba, any major American city was in range, the USA felt threatened by this as they felt that the USSR were 'in their own back yard.' In 1962 the USA discovered the missile bases on Cuba after Khrushchev had denied that they were anything other than SAMs (Surface to Air missiles) for defence. An American U2 spy plane discovered the missile sites and prompted Kennedy to blockade Cuba and issue an Ultimatum to the USSR, that the missiles must be removed within 30 days. This began the Cuban Missile crisis of 1962, where the world came within 2 days of nuclear war. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did the relations between superpowers worsen between 1945-1949?

    Stalin believed the US was going back on the agreements made at the Yalta and Potsdam conferences and consequently, he responded by cutting of all rail and road links into West Berlin, formally known as 'the Berlin Blockade'. This was a high point of tension between the USSR and the West.

  2. The relationship between the two superpowers of USA and Russia worsened between 1959 and ...

    This treaty limited tests of nuclear weapons and improved relations as they realised nuclear missiles weren't the answer to problems but they should talk, so missiles weren't that important and they don't need to test them as much as neither side had any need to improve them.

  1. Why was Gallipoli a Failure

    According to Major Farmar, I think that the Turks would have won the battle of Gallipoli even if there weren't any evacuation at the end.

  2. History Cuba Missile Crisis

    Czechoslovakia "Prague Springs" occurred in 1968 in the capital of Czechoslovakia, Prague. The events that followed were similar to that of Hungary in 1956. Czechoslovakia was a satellite state which meant that they were independent, but in reality were controlled by the USSR.

  1. Why was there such a major crisis between the superpowers over Cuba, 1962

    They were then met by 20,000 Cuban troops; and Cuba slaughtered them. This showed to the Soviets and Cuba, due to the failed invasion from the USA, that they weren't willing to go directly to war. Kennedy now needed to rebuild his reputation by winning the Cuban missile crisis by doing as much as he could.

  2. The Cuban Missile Crisis: Was President Kennedy the Saviour of the Cuban Missile Crisis?

    Now they have an even bigger threat right in their back yard. Source A4 shows how unaware the Americans really were. Now you can see why America were so worried. American U-2 spy planes constantly saw that Cuba were continuously adding more weapons with help from the Soviets, You can see this in Source B1.

  1. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    This meant greater freedom of speech and loosening of censorship within the satellite states. It indicated to the USA that the USSR was willing to adopt some of the USA?s policies which strengthened relations. Briefly explain the key features of the SALT between the USA and USSR in the 1970?s (6 marks)

  2. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    developed that soon deepened into an open split between the worlds two largest communist nations Reasons for the Sino-Soviet Split * China's communism (Maoism) was as much home-grown as Soviet inspired. Moreover, as a large and potentially powerful nation that was eager to assert its new-found independence, China was never going to be dominated by the USSR.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work