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Why was Tsar Nicholas II able to overcome the problems of ruling Russia between 1905-1914?

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History Coursework David O'Sullivan 18th September 2001. Why was Tsar Nicholas II able to overcome the problems of ruling Russia between 1905-1914? The problems that made the task of ruling Russia efficiently were the fact that Russia was a vast country, with people of many nationalities all speaking different languages. Trading was hard, agricultural trading was virtually impossible because of Russia's artic like climate. Land was unsuitable for farming because it was frozen most of the year round. Although it was very hard to earn money from farming, the Tsar still had the problem of vast overcrowding in these rural areas. People were moving into towns in an attempt to get more money, so towns and cities were also becoming more and more overcrowded. Poverty was wide spread. It was abnormal for a child to live pass the age of five due to malnutrition the conditions they lived in. ...read more.


This "bloody Sunday" was continued for months by a series of strikes, riots and assassinations. This and the war defeat at the hands of Japan led to the Russian people to rebel against the Tsarist system. A manifesto was issued in October. The Tsar granted civil liberties and a representative duma was elected democratically. The people who were satisfied with the manifesto formed a group called the Octoberist party, and for those unhappy with the manifesto the liberals, formed a group called the Constitutional Democratic Party. Social democrats who had organized a workers council in St Petersburg made an attempt to continue the constant days of strike and social reforms. The government arrested the workers group in December 1905 and put down a workers insurrection in Moscow. When order had been restored the Tsar laid down the basic laws. The Tsars' minister Stolypin made some attempt at economic reform. ...read more.


Rasputin was a monk from Siberia; he claimed he was a mystic who had healing powers. Stolypin had made the Tsar seem untouchable because of the special police forces he had introduced this had worked effectively and completely took out the possibility of any of the political groups challenging him. Stloypin demanded that all opposition must be exiled out of Russia or even executed in some cases. All the social democrats split into different groups called Mensheviks and Bolsheviks. The Mensheviks were the larger of the two groups. This group has the belief that Russia was ready for a violent revolution. The Mensheviks were obviously the smaller of the two groups. They thought Russia was still not ready for a revolution. The social revolutionists were stopped from the potential of rebellion by Stolypins' special police forces. The Russian liberals had limited opposition because of a hatred of violence. This problem prevented them from being an influential group because there was political violence in Russia. The social revolutionists could not react in a peaceful manner and make their voice heard. ...read more.

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