• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why were British troops sent into Northern Ireland in 1969? (15 Marks) There has been a history of violence between Catholics and Protestants over

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why were British troops sent into Northern Ireland in 1969? (15 Marks) There has been a history of violence between Catholics and Protestants over a long period of time. These being long, short and medium term causes. Historical events in Irish history have played a big part in Ireland today creating difficulties and increased tension. These difficulties increased in the period between 1968-69. The problems in Ireland between Catholics and Protestants stem back from the late 700s onwards. Irish people fought against Viking invaders, and in the twelfth century, Irish chieftains fought against Norman adventurers looking to carve out estates for themselves in Ireland. From the middle Ages, the English monarch governed Ireland but its authority wasn't great. In the sixteenth and seventieth centuries, there were major conflicts between Irish lords and English monarchs trying to gain more control of Ireland. Critics (Protestants) said that the church was out of touch with the lives of ordinary people. At this time Ireland was strongly Catholic and England was Protestant as King Henry 8th broke away from the pope. ...read more.

Middle

It was still part of the British Commonwealth and this was called the partition. All these events led to the events, which happened later on and still today and are an important part in Irish history. I am now going to explain the medium term causes in the 1950's and 60's in Irish history. There were four main problems, economic, political, legal and social. Local councils allocated housing to Protestants, as householders were able to vote in local elections. Therefore many catholic were denied voting rights. However in catholic dominated areas, the reverse happened. In education schools were separated between Catholics and Protestants. This separating from a young age encourages conflict early on in life, which will cause more problems between Catholic sand Protestants. In 1965 a 2nd university was going to be built in Northern Ireland, in Corraine (protestant area) both sides came together but the university wasn't built in the end. The Ulster Unionist party dominated politics. In Londonderry e.g. 14,00 Catholics, where represented by 8 councillors and 12 councillors represented 9000 Protestants. ...read more.

Conclusion

Brain Faulkner resigned (deputy prime minister) in protest arguing that an enquiry would make the situation worse. Out of fear of protestant reprisals of attacks many Catholics barricaded their streets. The UUF (protestant enthusiasts) became more active. They planted a bomb in some waterworks and blamed it on the IRA. Therefore people became more worried about the IRA activity. O'Neill called an election in February 1969 in order to make his position clearer. However he doesn't get a large enough majority because many Protestants support Ian paisley. He had 120,00 out of 230,000 votes. O'Neill realised that he was unable to pass his policies through the Northern Ireland parliament and resigned. On the 12th august 1969 the apprentice boys paraded through the city. Catholics and the RUC fought for three days and 3,500 Catholic families were driven from their homes. Labour Prime Minister, Harold Wilson on 15th August 1969 ordered British troops to Ireland which had been there firs time since the Anglo-Irish treaty of 1921. For conclusion, I believe that the role of history brought the British troops back to Ireland. The last straw, (the apprentice boys march) was a celebration of an event, which happened years ago, and today caused trouble. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    Once Catholics were demanding, through peaceful means, that political power had to be shared, they found that the forces of the state were being used against them, against this vulnerable, small community. They had no IRA. They had no weapons, except the weapons they created during the battle.

  2. How Did the Catholics Grow To hate the Protestants?

    In the 1980's a group of people who had been at the maze prison in cells known as H blocks, in southwest Belfast, because they were members of the IRA, went on hunger strike. The IRA prisoners wanted to be treated like political prisoners and not like ordinary criminals.

  1. Free essay

    Which Of The Following Events Has Had The Biggest Impact On The History Of ...

    After the young Catholics joined the IRA they seemed to be a lot more extreme political parties becoming popular in 2002 there was an election for the Northern Ireland assembly which an extremist party won and a country already in shambles was being run by two parties who couldn't agree

  2. Why was the Battle of the Boyne an important event in Irish history? Why ...

    The ritual stand off occurred, although no trouble happened in Drumcree there were reverberations elsewhere. Tension grew and exploded in a series of, mainly loyalist, related attacks - one man lost an eye, when hit by a bomb - businesses are beginning to suffer the supermarket chain reports a loss of 3,000 customers.

  1. A background to the violence in Northern Ireland

    agreement there instead of here The main points of the Good Friday agreement are an assembly in Northern Ireland with power sharing. In the assembly there will be North-South bodies and East-West bodies to give a fair and un-biased view on the troubles in Northern Ireland.

  2. Why were the British Troops sent to Northern Ireland in August 1969?

    But this intelligence was incorrect and no attacks were launched. In conclusion I believe that there were many contributory factors and reasons for the British Government to send in their troops, one of which I believe was obvious, to try and keep the violence down and try and make the streets as peaceful as possible.

  1. Why were British troops sent into Northern Ireland in 1969?

    This could have encouraged the Catholics to act out and embark on their own civil rights marches in the hope that something would be done about it. The student protests could also influence the young Catholics in Ireland to stand up for themselves and make a stand.

  2. Why were british troops sent into northern ireland in 1969?

    The Protestants were worried and outraged because of the fights and conflicts that happened and therefore Ian Paisley wanted all parades banned in Northern Ireland. Things didn't turn out like the Protestants wanted because the Government didn't ban the parades.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work