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Why were British Troops Sent Into Northern Ireland in 1969

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Introduction

Why were British Troops Sent Into Northern Ireland in 1969? On August 12th 1969, the British government decided to send troops onto the streets of Northern Ireland, this action following a breakdown in the law and order. This decision to send the troops in signified the beginning to the troubles in Northern Ireland. There were many reasons, both long and short term that explain why the British troops were deployed. The way in which the two communities used History caused distrust, suspicion and fear between the two groups. For example, they used selective history. This is where people pick parts from history to support their argument. People from both sides used selective history to suit their own aims. For example, a selective view of the 17th Century massacres is that one side brutally persecuted the other, justifying continued mistrust and hatred hundreds of years later. ...read more.

Middle

The rebel leaders were then executed by the British which lead to increasing support in Sinn Fein. In 1921, a truce was called between the groups. In October negotiations began. As a result of these negotiations, there was an Anglo-Irish Treaty. Consequently, 26 counties became the Irish Free State and this Free State was to have its own passport, flag, coins and stamps. In June 1922, people of the Free State voted overwhelmingly in favour of the treaty. Some Protestants though that they had surrendered the south to the Catholics. But some Catholics thought that they had lost the north to the Protestants. This was just ammunition to be used against the other side. These problems had not been solved by the 1960s therefore the British troops were sent in to keep the peace. ...read more.

Conclusion

He was a very controversial figure. The final trigger was the Battle of the Bogside. This started when the RUC attempted to take down a barricade, but missiles were being thrown and the riot soon turned into a battle. The rioting continued for 2 days, and the police faced a hail of petrol bombs and missiles from the Bogside residents. Bogside was the first 'no-go' area in Northern Ireland. The RUC could not cope with the situation, so the British Troops were sent in. From this information I can conclude that the reason the British troops were sent in was part of a long-term history. Ireland was partitioned in 1920 after a long period of violence between the Protestants and the Catholics. This was expected to bring an end to the aggression, but in fact the relations between them got worse, so eventually the troops had to be sent in. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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