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"Why were British Troops sent into Northern Ireland in 1969?"

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Introduction

"Why were British Troops sent into Northern Ireland in 1969?" "It is evident that the Stormont Government is no longer in control of the situation. Indeed the present situation is the inevitable outcome of the policies pursued for decades by successive Stormont Governments. It is clear that the Irish Government can no longer stand by and see innocent injured and perhaps worse." (Jack Lynch, 13th August 1969) An explanation of troops being sent into Northern Ireland in August 1969 is a combination of short-term, long-term causes and a trigger. In this piece of coursework I will state the 3 things above that and look at the origins and the history of the conflict. But the overall explanation is that British troops were sent into Northern Ireland in August 1969 because of the long hatred between Catholics and Protestants which has now lasted over 3 Centuries. The most obvious reasons we think of are the riots that started to break out in which the Northern Ireland police lost control, this was because from the beginning, Catholics in Northern Ireland were a disadvantaged minority in matters of employment, housing, education, cultural and political participation. In 1968 a civil rights movement emerged to protest against discrimination, often provoking violent reactions within the protestant community. ...read more.

Middle

This partition had its roots in the 17th-century Ulster Plantation, which introduced Protestant settlers from England and Scotland into an overwhelmingly Roman Catholic country, establishing a Protestant control over the settlers and the native population in politics and society. Another long-term cause for the problems between the Catholics and Protestants of Northern Ireland are rooted in the histories of England and Ireland. Since the 12th-century and the invasion of Henry II in Ireland where English settlers were given land that belonged to the conquered Irish, these settlers had more power and privileges then the native Irish. From this time until the act of union in 1800 England and Ireland were frequently at war with one another. Further confiscations of land took place by James I in 1601 and then by Oliver Cromwell in the 1640's, making the Irish very angry and very anti - British. The religious side to this conflict started in 1534 when Henry VIII broke away from the pope and set up a new Church of England, but the Irish wished to remain Roman Catholics and did not want to be forced to swear loyalty to Henry. He also passed laws where by every person should use the English tongue and language. Furthermore houses should be kept "according to English order condition and manner". ...read more.

Conclusion

Before long, there was a riot. When the RUC tried to take down a barricade on Rossville Street, the riot turned into a battle. The police faced a hail of missiles and petrol bombs from the Bogside residents. There are two different explanations for the Battle: The police say that they attempted to dismantle the barricade because they were trying to get into a better position to separate the mobs. The Catholic version of the vents is that this was a direct attack by the police, aided by loyalist thugs, on Catholic homes. The rioting continued for two days, in what became known as the Battle of the Bogside. The police were unable to enter the area. Seven people were killed and about 100 wounded. 3000 Catholics lost their homes. The first of Northern Ireland's 'no-go' areas had been created. From my research of the history of Ireland, there seem to be many reasons for the British troops to be sent in to Northern Ireland in 1969, with the immediate causes being riots, where by there was no control over, but as we have found the trouble had started well before this time, with the plantations for Protestants. The Battle of the Boyne and the start of this conflict since 12th-century with Henry II invading Ireland. The hatred between the two neighbouring countries was built up over the centuries into the conflict of the present day. ...read more.

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