• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"Why were British Troops sent into Northern Ireland in 1969?"

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"Why were British Troops sent into Northern Ireland in 1969?" "It is evident that the Stormont Government is no longer in control of the situation. Indeed the present situation is the inevitable outcome of the policies pursued for decades by successive Stormont Governments. It is clear that the Irish Government can no longer stand by and see innocent injured and perhaps worse." (Jack Lynch, 13th August 1969) An explanation of troops being sent into Northern Ireland in August 1969 is a combination of short-term, long-term causes and a trigger. In this piece of coursework I will state the 3 things above that and look at the origins and the history of the conflict. But the overall explanation is that British troops were sent into Northern Ireland in August 1969 because of the long hatred between Catholics and Protestants which has now lasted over 3 Centuries. The most obvious reasons we think of are the riots that started to break out in which the Northern Ireland police lost control, this was because from the beginning, Catholics in Northern Ireland were a disadvantaged minority in matters of employment, housing, education, cultural and political participation. In 1968 a civil rights movement emerged to protest against discrimination, often provoking violent reactions within the protestant community. ...read more.

Middle

This partition had its roots in the 17th-century Ulster Plantation, which introduced Protestant settlers from England and Scotland into an overwhelmingly Roman Catholic country, establishing a Protestant control over the settlers and the native population in politics and society. Another long-term cause for the problems between the Catholics and Protestants of Northern Ireland are rooted in the histories of England and Ireland. Since the 12th-century and the invasion of Henry II in Ireland where English settlers were given land that belonged to the conquered Irish, these settlers had more power and privileges then the native Irish. From this time until the act of union in 1800 England and Ireland were frequently at war with one another. Further confiscations of land took place by James I in 1601 and then by Oliver Cromwell in the 1640's, making the Irish very angry and very anti - British. The religious side to this conflict started in 1534 when Henry VIII broke away from the pope and set up a new Church of England, but the Irish wished to remain Roman Catholics and did not want to be forced to swear loyalty to Henry. He also passed laws where by every person should use the English tongue and language. Furthermore houses should be kept "according to English order condition and manner". ...read more.

Conclusion

Before long, there was a riot. When the RUC tried to take down a barricade on Rossville Street, the riot turned into a battle. The police faced a hail of missiles and petrol bombs from the Bogside residents. There are two different explanations for the Battle: The police say that they attempted to dismantle the barricade because they were trying to get into a better position to separate the mobs. The Catholic version of the vents is that this was a direct attack by the police, aided by loyalist thugs, on Catholic homes. The rioting continued for two days, in what became known as the Battle of the Bogside. The police were unable to enter the area. Seven people were killed and about 100 wounded. 3000 Catholics lost their homes. The first of Northern Ireland's 'no-go' areas had been created. From my research of the history of Ireland, there seem to be many reasons for the British troops to be sent in to Northern Ireland in 1969, with the immediate causes being riots, where by there was no control over, but as we have found the trouble had started well before this time, with the plantations for Protestants. The Battle of the Boyne and the start of this conflict since 12th-century with Henry II invading Ireland. The hatred between the two neighbouring countries was built up over the centuries into the conflict of the present day. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Why Were The British Troops Sent Into Northern Ireland In 1969?

    3 star(s)

    Ireland (The Free State), for the mainly Catholic Nationalists, and Northern Ireland, for the mainly Protestant Unionists. Both areas of the partition had their own government, politicians thought that giving both sides a compromise would resolve the problems. But this pleased no one.

  2. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    that the army was simply fulfilling its duties, because it was chasing people whom they identified as petrol bombers or people with weapons. In the end, they had to admit that they couldn't prove that any of those shot dead were responsible for any actions.

  1. Co-operation and Conflict - Northern Ireland and Republic of Ireland.

    Consequently, the Fenians tried another way to force the British laws to change one way or another- to help the stranded farmers to regain their power over the harsh landlords. By this successful strategy, the Irish Republican Brotherhood forced the British Land Laws to subsequently change.

  2. Why were the British Troops sent to Northern Ireland in August 1969?

    They were then shot by water cannon and even people who were just stood watching were also beaten. This was also caught on television cameras and it showed the RUC being quite brutal to the marchers and using methods that could be deemed as harmful, which created bad publicity for Stormont and for the British Government.

  1. Why were British troops sent into Northern Ireland in 1969?

    Ireland were close to getting independence which almost led to chaos from the Unionist who did not want Ireland to become independent but this was put on hold as the First World War began in 1914. In the 1918 general election, the Sinn F�in party who are closely linked with the IRA were gathering support and insistent on national independence.

  2. There has been conflict in Northern Ireland for many centuries. But I am specifically ...

    'Bloody Sunday' has been seen in a number of different ways, by different people. These different people have different view points from others so come up with different conclusions from other people. For example the Paratroopers say that they were fired at first and were being attacked by the crowds

  1. Why were British troops sent to Northern Ireland in 1969?

    This meant the Unionist majority held power and made laws to suit the Unionist ideology. Lord Craigavon, the new Prime Minister, later would call it's Government a Protestant Parliament is a Protestant state. But it was to become a state discriminating against Catholics.

  2. Why were british troops sent into northern ireland in 1969?

    Local councils provided houses but less than 3 quarters of the houses that were built by Fermanagh County were given to Protestant families. In 1961, a Catholic woman called Patricia Mc Clusky and her husband Dr Con Mc Clusky were so frustrated because of the way they were treated that

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work