• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why were British troops sent into Northern Ireland in 1969?

Extracts from this document...


Hari Sukarjo 5572 44115 Why were British troops sent into Northern Ireland in 1969? There were many reasons in why British troops were sent in. Some of these reasons are short-term, such as the failure of partition and civil rights. As well as short term factors there was long-term factors, such as plantation, William of Orange. The combined ingredients of both give reasons in why the British Army was sent in. The causes in why British troops were sent in can be put into an order of importance, Partition being one of the most important causes, followed by plantation then Easter Rising. The Easter rising led partition, this brewed troubles on both catholic and protestant side, as neither side can forget the past, showing the failure of partition. Both Irish Catholics and Protestants cannot forget the history as they outline the importance of this for them. After Partition, Catholics found that they were in the minority in the Protestant controlled North. From 1922 Catholics were on the receiving end of discrimination against them, increasing numbers of civil rights marches. By 1960s tension is on both sides, violence escalated, leading to the British Troops being sent in. The reason in why the British got involved is due to a long-term history as well as short term. Ireland has always been a catholic country, but Henry 8th, Elizabeth 1 and James 1, sent Protestant settlers to Ireland, Plantation. ...read more.


In Northern Ireland Catholics were on the receiving end of discrimination. Protestants got all the best jobs; hardly any Catholics got a job in the civil service. It even went to phone calls. Richard Dawson Bates (Minister of Home Affairs) refused to use his telephone until a catholic phone operator in his department got transferred. There was segregation in Irish life, Protestants go separate places to Catholics, and this even affected children, separate school for separate religions. In elections Nationalists hardly got to have their say in the government as the Unionist fixed elections, gerrymandering. Unionist's got their way, while the British government did nothing to stop it. But from 1940s to1960s there was less troubles between Northern Ireland and The Irish Republic, basically "good neighbours". This was mainly because the North was richer and more prosperous since it had become part of Britain. In 1945 the welfare state was introduced. This improved conditions in the North by a special Housing Trust, insurance, family allowance, NHS and industrial development funding. Education reforms meant that peoples education benefited, children got free school meals, giving hope to the future. Both Catholics and Protestants saw the benefits with living alongside with Britain. But as the North prospered, the south didn't. Unemployment and poverty became major problems in the republic. Farmers struggled against foreign competition. High food prices against low wages showed that the economy was struggling in the republic. ...read more.


1500 being Catholic families. The RUC had incorrect intelligence, believing that an IRA led uprising was imminent. The RUC asked the British army for Support. The RUC claimed that if the British troops didn't get involved in Ireland there would be a massacre. So on the 15th of August 1969 the British army arrived in the Belfast streets. In Conclusion the reasons why the British Army was sent in, was due to the combined ingredients of the long and short term causes. The Plantation created a religious divide in Ireland; the Easter rising gave way to the rise of the Sinn Fein and emergence of the IRA, leading to the Partition of Ireland and the Failure of Partition after 1922.The Violence in the late 1960s gave way for the Army going in. The violence broke out mainly because of both Catholics and Protestants not willing to forget the past, the whole feud between Irish Catholics and Protestants was based on past events. If both sides forgot the past there would have been no need to send British Troops in, or any Troubles being started. But the religious differences between the Catholics and Protestants can be primarily routed to the Plantation. The British wanted to assert Ireland, by Plantation the British created a problem that was never solved. The reason why the British Army was sent into Ireland was the problem created by Britain. If Britain didn't get involved in Ireland, a problem would never have been created, resulting in there being no Easter Rising or Partition of Ireland. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    They didn't think it was going to work. And what it indicates is how central prisoners are to the whole campaign. If you look at the cease-fires, it's only after the prisoners agreed to it that they were able to carry it through. So, the prisoners played the role.

  2. How Did the Catholics Grow To hate the Protestants?

    In the Assembly election in October 1982 SF obtained 10% of the vote, which represented a major breakthrough for the party. In the Westminster election of 1983 SF attacked 13.4% and Gerry Adams won the West Belfast seat. The standing of the SF in the polls, and the fear that it would surpass the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP)

  1. Why were British troops sent into Northern Ireland in 1969?

    The Act of Union 1880 was passed. It merged the Kingdom of Ireland and the United Kingdom of Great Britain together making it a new country "The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland". The British government closed the Irish Parliament in Dublin and the whole of the UK was ruled from London Parliament.

  2. Why were British troops sent to Northern Ireland in 1969?

    * 'No person of the Catholic religion shall publicly or in private houses teach school, or instruct youth in learning within this realm'; repealed in 1782. However, the cause of revolutionary nationalism grew in the 18th and 19th centuries, inspired by successful republican revolutions in the United States and France.

  1. Why were british troops sent into northern ireland in 1969?

    Protestant, which seems unfair, seeing as there were more Catholics, which should mean that the Catholics would have more councilors representing them. "The Protestants were always put in better houses than Catholics but were also charged the same rent." In 1961 just under 20% of houses had no piped water and 22.6% had no flushing toilets.

  2. Why was Ireland partioned in 1922?

    They then declared themselves a republic. The British army were deployed to keep the peace stretching their resources because the First World War was currently happening. James Connolly was executed, leading to outrage amongst the Irish People. This led to support of Sinn Fein. Sinn Fein's importance grew due to this with sympathy from the Irish people, who thought they had organized the rebellion.

  1. Why did British troops enter northern Ireland in 1969

    Eventually , these problems were stopped as the government banned the UVF. By this time , the catholics were becoming tired of the discrimination and created their own civil rights groups . The main inspiration for this was the success of the black civil rights groups in America and also

  2. The Easter Rising.

    which killed them. The British arrested Republican leaders and banned all talk of independence. However Collins escaped from prison and began a guerrilla war against the British-'War of Independence' and he organised murder squads, bombings and spying, this continued throughout 1919. In September 1919, the British Government banned the Dail and Sinn Fein but the IRA continued its attacks on the RIC.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work