• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why were British troops sent into Northern Ireland in 1969

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why were British troops sent into Northern Ireland in 1969? Ireland was once a Nation they claimed a moral right to live in Ireland. Before 1500 the Gaelic lived in Ireland, they shared a language and political structure. They were separated into smaller groups. In the 5th century the Gaelic were converted to Christianity by missionaries. After 1500 the English took control for the first time by way of force due to the Irish being loyal to Catholicism and the English were strong protestants. The soldiers drove farmers off their land. The protestants were strongest in Northern Ireland, Ulster. The Irish made a rebellion but this was crushed at the battle of Boyne, many laws were passed to keep the Catholics quiet. Even up to 1914 the Irish were unwilling to accept English domination. They were completely against it. They called themselves Nationalists as they were opponents to English rule. There are two types of Nationalists, Revolutionary Nationalists and Parliamentary Nationalists. The former believing that English rule could only be removed through violence. They had many failed rebellions through violent attempts. By 1914 the idea of an armed resistance was abandoned. Parliamentary Nationalists believed that the English protestants could be persuaded to give Ireland home rule without violence but through discussion. By giving Ireland home rule they were allowed control over their religion, education, health, employment policies etc ... ...read more.

Middle

For example there was a case where a single woman with four children was refused a council house because the Protestants wanted to give it to a single, childless woman. It is quite obvious which party was Catholic. Another way in which the Protestants showed their power was by allowing employers to favour Protestants workers. Even though Catholics could now to to University and get a good degree, they would find it difficult getting a job, even securing employment as a toilet cleaner in Derry. All of these practices show discrimination against Catholics, this was one of the main fundamental causes for the British troops being sent into Ireland in 1969. Even though there were many problems in Ireland there was a ceasefire during the war. It is surprising that the outbreak of World War I in 1914 could bring a stop to fighting in Ireland. Many people including Redmond believed that the war wouldn't last and agreed that the idea of Home Rule could not wait until after the war, but many Irish men accepted the delay and joined the British army to fight for freedom and the empire. As well as all the fundamental causes there were many immediate causes which also contributed to the sending in of British troops. ...read more.

Conclusion

This gave the Irish public a full insight into the problems. The new break out of violence was at a march at the predominantly Catholic Bogside. On the 12th August in 1969. 15,000 apprentice boys paraded to commemorate the 280th Anniversary of the lifting of the siege. What was supposed to be a peaceful march turned out to be very violent. The parade began well but violence broke out very quickly. With fresh memories of the fighting at Burntollet Bridge when the police had gone on the rampage, and in April when the Bogsiders had barricaded themselves to stop another police invasion. Even though it may not seem to be, the Catholics feared violence from the police. The police also feared violence as they thought the Catholics would attack the Protestants ghettos of the city. For the first time to try and control the situation, the police fired CS gas into the Bogside, the gas had been used on several other occasions, but this was the first time it had been used in the UK. By the next day the Battle had settled into an almost ritualistic pattern of fighting. This parade turned out to be the turning point in Northern Irish history. On the 14th August the Irish government sort help from England. British troops were sent in as a temporary measure to resolve the situation. ?? ?? ?? ?? Dominic Wheldrick Page 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Why Were The British Troops Sent Into Northern Ireland In 1969?

    3 star(s)

    Another thing that contributed to the Civil Rights marches was the fact that a new university was not situated in the large, well populated, area of Londonderry because Londonderry was a Catholic area. Instead the university of Craigavon was placed in the small, low populated, area of Coleraine because it was a Protestant area.

  2. Ireland - What are the main differences between the beliefs of the Republicans/Nationalists and ...

    The British government said that Ireland could unite if they had the consent of the majority of Northern Ireland, and the Irish Government accepted this. It was intended to create peace because the Nationalists would be happier as they got a say in the running of Northern Ireland, and it would create better communication between both sides.

  1. What where the main features of Liberal Policies towards Ireland between 1906-1914.

    Developing popular slogans like 'Ulster will fight and Ulster will be right' to help stimulate the Unionist community that occupied that area. Political tension during that year led to rioting within Belfast, the Unionists where clearly focused on not letting the Bill pass.

  2. Civil Rights in Northern Ireland Coursework

    As a result the number of Protestant councillors always outnumbered the number of Catholic councillors, even though 60% of the population of Derry was Catholic. This meant that their was an unfair distribution of power to the Protestant minority and extreme anti-Catholic discrimination; council houses and more favourable jobs always went to Protestants and the Mayor was always Protestant.

  1. Why were troops sent into Northern Ireland in 1969?

    This was known as 'Gerrymandering', the process by which constituency boundaries were redrawn to favour the Protestant population. Without power the Catholics had no chance of having their voices heard so they had to resort to Civil Rights marches. The Unionists controlled the Catholic areas, this was a huge disadvantage to the Catholic people, they had no political power.

  2. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    There were others who believed it was starting a slippery slope towards a united Ireland. So part of the problem for the Unionist government was the factionalism inside the Protestant community. Those who were so fearful of making any concessions to Catholics on the civil rights front would lead to a loss of political power.

  1. Why were British troops sent to Northern Ireland in August 1969?

    After this a series of marches took place, their aim, to highlight the issue of discrimination in Northern Ireland. The reaction of the Protestant community to the methods of protests was that, they saw the Civil Rights Movement as a plot- to destabilise Northern Ireland.

  2. Why were British troops sent into Northern Ireland in 1969? (15 Marks) ...

    Oliver Cromwell, the English protestant leader restored English control of Ireland in 1649-50. His troops massacred soldiers and civilians in Wexford and Drogheda. Catholics who were involved in the rebellion were forced to emigrate, had their land confiscated. Many died from hunger and disease.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work