• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why were British troops sent into Northern Ireland in 1969

Extracts from this document...


Why were British troops sent into Northern Ireland in 1969? Ireland was once a Nation they claimed a moral right to live in Ireland. Before 1500 the Gaelic lived in Ireland, they shared a language and political structure. They were separated into smaller groups. In the 5th century the Gaelic were converted to Christianity by missionaries. After 1500 the English took control for the first time by way of force due to the Irish being loyal to Catholicism and the English were strong protestants. The soldiers drove farmers off their land. The protestants were strongest in Northern Ireland, Ulster. The Irish made a rebellion but this was crushed at the battle of Boyne, many laws were passed to keep the Catholics quiet. Even up to 1914 the Irish were unwilling to accept English domination. They were completely against it. They called themselves Nationalists as they were opponents to English rule. There are two types of Nationalists, Revolutionary Nationalists and Parliamentary Nationalists. The former believing that English rule could only be removed through violence. They had many failed rebellions through violent attempts. By 1914 the idea of an armed resistance was abandoned. Parliamentary Nationalists believed that the English protestants could be persuaded to give Ireland home rule without violence but through discussion. By giving Ireland home rule they were allowed control over their religion, education, health, employment policies etc ... ...read more.


For example there was a case where a single woman with four children was refused a council house because the Protestants wanted to give it to a single, childless woman. It is quite obvious which party was Catholic. Another way in which the Protestants showed their power was by allowing employers to favour Protestants workers. Even though Catholics could now to to University and get a good degree, they would find it difficult getting a job, even securing employment as a toilet cleaner in Derry. All of these practices show discrimination against Catholics, this was one of the main fundamental causes for the British troops being sent into Ireland in 1969. Even though there were many problems in Ireland there was a ceasefire during the war. It is surprising that the outbreak of World War I in 1914 could bring a stop to fighting in Ireland. Many people including Redmond believed that the war wouldn't last and agreed that the idea of Home Rule could not wait until after the war, but many Irish men accepted the delay and joined the British army to fight for freedom and the empire. As well as all the fundamental causes there were many immediate causes which also contributed to the sending in of British troops. ...read more.


This gave the Irish public a full insight into the problems. The new break out of violence was at a march at the predominantly Catholic Bogside. On the 12th August in 1969. 15,000 apprentice boys paraded to commemorate the 280th Anniversary of the lifting of the siege. What was supposed to be a peaceful march turned out to be very violent. The parade began well but violence broke out very quickly. With fresh memories of the fighting at Burntollet Bridge when the police had gone on the rampage, and in April when the Bogsiders had barricaded themselves to stop another police invasion. Even though it may not seem to be, the Catholics feared violence from the police. The police also feared violence as they thought the Catholics would attack the Protestants ghettos of the city. For the first time to try and control the situation, the police fired CS gas into the Bogside, the gas had been used on several other occasions, but this was the first time it had been used in the UK. By the next day the Battle had settled into an almost ritualistic pattern of fighting. This parade turned out to be the turning point in Northern Irish history. On the 14th August the Irish government sort help from England. British troops were sent in as a temporary measure to resolve the situation. ?? ?? ?? ?? Dominic Wheldrick Page 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Why Were The British Troops Sent Into Northern Ireland In 1969?

    3 star(s)

    Another thing that contributed to the Civil Rights marches was the fact that a new university was not situated in the large, well populated, area of Londonderry because Londonderry was a Catholic area. Instead the university of Craigavon was placed in the small, low populated, area of Coleraine because it was a Protestant area.

  2. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    realize the huge advantages which could be got of painting themselves as the representatives of the down trodden people who where now the risen people. The Provos In Belfast in August of 1969 there was a serious split at a political level between those who were known as the official

  1. How Did the Catholics Grow To hate the Protestants?

    The Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) is the largest of the Nationalist parties in Northern Ireland. The party was formed on 21st August 1970 and its first leader was Gerry Fitt. Many of those who were members of the Nationalist Party joined the SDLP.

  2. Conflict in Ireland

    and the SDLP (a moderate Nationalist Party). It would appear that again the British Governments attempts had failed. Most Unionists and Nationalists opposed the Anglo-Irish Agreement and used resignation, strikes and violence to show this resulting in continuing misery for the UK and Ireland. By 1990 the violence had reached an appalling level and in that year

  1. Ireland - What are the main differences between the beliefs of the Republicans/Nationalists and ...

    The atmosphere at first was good humoured, and the Provisional IRA had been asked not to have their weapons in the area - they could only take part as normal civilians. However, the march path, heading towards the centre which was outside 'Free Derry', was blocked by British Paratroopers.

  2. Civil Rights in Northern Ireland Coursework

    Source L is biased in another way because it is the words of a founder member of the Civil Rights movement, and he would not want to admit terrorists where behind his movement. Here, Farrell indicates the Republicans were actually helping, rather than causing trouble, by co-operating with the police.

  1. Why were troops sent into Northern Ireland in 1969?

    The religious side to conflict started in 1534 when Henry VIII broke away from the Pope and set up a new church of England, this was because he wanted to divorces but the Pope wouldn't allow it so he and his country became Protestant, but the Irish wished to remain

  2. What where the main features of Liberal Policies towards Ireland between 1906-1914.

    'A final settlement of our national question' Parnell insisted of Gladstone's introduction. Alternatively the unionists within the Liberal party believed the bill deliberately undermined the Act of Union (1801). The introduction of the bill generated two extreme views. In fact Conservative politician Randolf Churchill objected so strongly to the Bill

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work