• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why Were British Troops Sent Into Northern Island In 1969?

Extracts from this document...


Why were British troops sent into Northern Ireland in 1969? The police were sent into Northern Ireland for many reasons. All of these factors were important and arose from a climate of fear. One reason was that there was violence. There are many underlying reasons for the violence, but it mainly spread from protestant reactions to catholic civil rights marches. For example the Belfast to Londonderry march on the 4th of January 1969 which was attacked by loyalists, including off duty B Specials (part time police force composed entirely of Protestants). The civil rights marches were started due to discrimination against Catholics practiced by the Ulster government, which had the power to suspend laws pasted in the rest of the UK and used this against the Catholics. ...read more.


There were acts committed even longer ago, such as in 1649 when Oliver Cromwell's army slaughtered Catholics; 3500 people, including civilians, prisoners and Catholic priests, were killed after the capture of Drogheda. There was also resentment on the protestant side due to the partition of Ireland in 1920. The police weren't adequate to control the violence. The police force was composed almost entirely of Protestants, causing them to sometimes act in a biased way (they did little to stop the stoning of Catholics in the Belfast to Londonderry march). There were also the B Specials, who were completely Protestant, who were involved in many of the attacks on Catholics such as the attack on Bogside in January 1969. People within the British government believed that the troops would be able to control the violence. ...read more.


Fear was an important factor in the introduction of the soldiers. The violence originated from Protestants fearing that if the Catholics got more civil rights it might aid the nationalists who wanted a united Ireland. And the troops were sent in due to fear that civilians would get harmed (like Bernadette Devlin's fears that either Protestants or the police would kill Catholics). Soldiers were sent into Northern Ireland in 1969 due to a combination of factors, all of them important in how they contribute to the decision. There was violence and it was too much for the police to control, so someone else had to control it. The British government sent troops in because they thought it would control the violence and sending soldiers had many precedents. No one factor alone lead to the troops being sent in. GCSE History Coursework Raoul Harris ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. What were the causes of Indian Independencein 1947, and was partition inevitable?

    situation; primarily the situation of Pakistan which Jinnah had been pushing for. The two sides, Congress and the Muslim League were opposed as Congress wanted a united India while Jinnah wanted regions such as Punjab, Bengal and Assam for Pakistan.

  2. Was Cromwell a Hero or a Villain?

    1663 The comment gave a clear idea of how bad he ruled the country. Another bad comment came from the Earl of Clarendon (Friend of Charles). He said: "Cromwell made himself more powerful than king. That's bizarre." 1668 A final bad comment came from Christopher Hill.

  1. The Rebecca Riots

    The evidence was taken from Daniel Williams of Steynton near Milford in 1828. His evidence is supported by the Constabulary report because he too comments on how Ceffyl Pren is increasing as a crime, and how the police force was failing to prevent it.

  2. Effect of Civilians in WW2

    As it's a memory, he may have forgotten or altered things. Source 22 is from a book and is speaking about the home guard, some better known as the "Dad's Army." It was for the men who were possibly too old, too young or had illness.

  1. Was Oliver Cromwell a villain?

    This action may have avoided an army revolt. We have to remember that theft was still punishable by death at this point in time and even in the modern day (WWII) deserters of the army were shot. In light of this his actions seem quite lenient as he only shot their ringleaders (only 3 men were killed).

  2. The object of this coursework is to gather information and data, on how woman ...

    to answer some questions of mine it's for an historical enquiry that I am doing? Margaret: Sure Me: Thank you I was wondering if you knew who the suffragettes were Margaret: Yes I do they were woman who wanted the vote Me: Yes they used violence to try and get

  1. Since the Good Friday Agreement in 1998 there has been a relative period of ...

    Marches have recently caused major riots in Northern Ireland on Saturday 10th September 2005. Police sparked Protestant riots when they attempted to re-route a march away from a Catholic street. Police decided that by re-routing the march it would avoid confrontation with any Catholics.

  2. Was Oliver Cromwell a hero or a villain?

    The main reason why they disliked him so much was that people blamed Cromwell for all the bad things that happened as historians made up stories that could never of happened; a story tells of four-year Cromwell punching two-year Prince Charles in the face but these two people never met when they were young.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work