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Why were major British cities bombed by the Germans in 1940-1941

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Introduction

Paul Petey Intro: For this assignment, I will use my own knowledge, which I have gathered from my research. I've used several books called, The Home Front, Britain At War, and a book by Asa Briggs. On 1st September 1939, Germany invaded Poland. They used a new type of warfare called 'Blitzkrieg' or 'Lightening War'. This is a war when tanks and planes are used to knock out the defences so that the defending country is easier to conquer. Two days after this happened; Britain and France declared war on Germany and the other axis powers on 3rd September 1939. Dunkirk; The quick defeat of the allies in France during 1940 stunned many people, not least the British Expeditionary Force. The German army pushed the British troops out of Belgium. The majority of the troops fell back onto the beaches of Dunkirk between May 29th and June 4th 1940. Hitler decided to hold back instead of eliminating us at the time. ...read more.

Middle

Examples of the substances are rum, paint, and rubber etc. They were stored and made in warehouses. The bombing set 250 acres of timber ablaze and blistered boats 300 yards away on the River Thames. The British were not prepared for the Blitz. The fire services were literally useless as there was too many fires going on at once so some were left to burn out. I retrieved this information from my previous coursework assignment and from the book 'Britain At War'. Raids up to the 15th September were part of a strategy to defeat and destroy the RAF. Hitler thought bombing the capital would damage the administrative heart and thus the conduct of war. The majority of the bombing was focused on one part of London, damaging vital ships and causing many civilian casualties. Only 92 heavy guns were in place in London. In mid - November the Luftwaffe turned to the Midlands and the North. Places like Manchester, Hull, Liverpool, and Coventry were severely bombed. ...read more.

Conclusion

Even the King and Queen were booed the other day when they arrived in destroyed areas. People in those days had greater respect for the monarchy than they do now. To keep the strength and moral high, Britain only showed positive things in magazines, newspapers, and television. There was a huge amount of posters in the street and in shops that gave the public great confidence. I have done extra research about propaganda and I found out that one of the most earliest posters said 'Your Courage And Cheerfulness Will Bring Us Victory' this was designed by Fiona Reynoldson. I think this poster is true as we would have been defeated but we all remained united and fought the Blitz with courage. Another reason why Hitler did not succeed was our production in factories. Britain's Production had risen dramatically during 1939 and 1944. Shipyards produced over 700 major war vessels, 6,000 smaller naval craft, and 4.5 million tons of merchant shipping. The aircraft industry had manufactured 88,000 planes and munitions factories almost 24,000 tanks. There was an astonishing 3 million machine guns. Steel production had risen by nearly 2.5 tons between 1939 and 1943. ...read more.

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