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Why were successive Weimar Governments able to sustain Democracy during the period 1919-1933?

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Introduction

´╗┐Why Were Successive Weimar Governments Able To Sustain Democracy During The Period 1919-1933 Use at Least 3 Historians in your Response: During the Period from 1919-1933 various factors contributed to Germany's government being able to sustain Democracy. The Loans borrowed after the war gave Germany financial footing and enabled them to rebuild their economy, the Groener-Ebert pact between the army and the government gave the government solid foundations to sustain Democracy, and the Stinnes-Legion Pact between workers and big business also were a major contributor to the Reichstag being able to sustain a democratic state during this period. From the period 1919-1933, loans played a key role in allowing Germany to stay afloat financially without crumbling into economic depression. After the government surrendered and signed the treaty of Versailles, the large sums owed in borrowed money meant that economically, Germany was in a state of economic depression. Germany was falling apart, and the allies realised that they would have to do something. Germany borrowed large sums from America during this period in order to stay afloat financially. The loans helped Germany to rebuild there shattered economy and modernise and restructure there virtually unscathed industry. Coal, iron and steel production surpassed pre war figures and exports doubled. ...read more.

Middle

This allowed more people to go back to work, and gave Germany a new sense of creative determination and Germany became to the European Centre of music, film, art and literature. The Young Plan in 1929, was an attempt by former wartime allies to support the government of Weimar Germany. The plan was a generous attempt, headed by the US and Owen Young, to support Germany through her financial pain. It reduced the reparations to 112 billion marks, to be paid over a period of 59 years. Germany was required to pay a third of the sum required each year, the other two thirds to be paid if Germany could do so in a manner that wold not harm her economic development. Therefore it can be seen that loans allowed Germany to stay afloat financially, by putting the money into crucial areas, allowing the GermanbReichstag, to gain support and sustain democracy. The Stinnes-Legien agreement on the 15th of November 1918 was a contract between trade unions and German industry, which put the bases of co-operation between employers and employees. It was lead by big business Hugo Stinnes, and Carl Legien for the Trade Unions. This agreement gave the unions legal recognition and brought in an 8 hour working day. ...read more.

Conclusion

Ebert's justification was that he was safeguarding the Republic during dangerous times. However, his powers were invariably used against threats to the Republic from the left, not the right. The army was eager to act against left wing groups such as the spartacists, however, right-wing threats to the Republic, eg the Kapp Putsch were ignored. Some of Kapp's supporters were serving and former members of of the army. The Chieft of the Army Commond, General Hans Von Seeckt stated that, 'Reichwehr do not fire upon Reichwehr.' Clearly, the democratic republic could not count upon the loyalty of the army. Historian Richard Evans once said that, 'Article 48 included no proper provisions for the ultimate reassertion of power by the legislature.. and Ebert used it not just for emergencies but also in non-emergency situations where steering legislation through the Reichstag would have been to difficult.' Ebert and the democratic Weimar Republic survived but at the cost of leaving the old imperial army untouched. Therefore it can be seen that the Ebert Groener Pact played a fundamental role in allowing successive Democratic governments to continue during the period from 1919-33. Through factors such as loans including the Dawes, Young plan and the role of Gustav Stressemann, the Stinnes-Legien agreement and the Ebert Groener Pact, Germany's Reichstag during the period from1919-1933 was able to stay afloat and remain a democratic state. ...read more.

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