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Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by Germans in 1940-41

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1) Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by Germans in 1940-41? The major cities of Britain were bombed because of several different reasons some of them more obvious than others but each reason would have been reason enough to commence the 'blitz' which stands for lightning. One of the reasons is that the 'Battle of Britain' failed. After France surrendered to Germany on June 22nd 1940, Hitler had enough vantage points to attack Britain. A huge attack was devised and codenamed 'Operation Sea lion', however this plan had a key flaw, which was the Royal Air Force. If 'Operation Sea lion' was put into action then the R.A.F would be able to crush the amphibious attack from the sky, so in order to avoid this Hitler ordered the German air force to attack the R.A.F and destroy their shipping ports and aeroplane manufacturing factories. Hitler bombed London, Coventry and other main cities to destroy factories, weapons and machinery. ...read more.


over London. In retaliation the R.A.F bombed Berlin. Hitler, seeing how much chaos had been caused by this one attack decided to try to break the morale of the British people by bombing the cities in the night time. While bombing the British cities the German fighters could not only break the morale of the British people but they could also continue to bomb the factories and put Britain in total disorder. 2) Describe the effects of the Blitz on everyday life in Britain. Over 1 million shelters had been given to families before the war started and another 1and a half million were built the next year. Families had to carry gas masks in boxes. People used the tube station for shelter during the blitz. About 80 stations sheltered 177 000 people every night. When it was dark lights could not be visible so bombers could not see their targets. The men who had not been recruited or had not signed up for the army would become ARP wardens (Air Raid Precaution). ...read more.


By the end of the war, some factories were run entirely by women. Evacuation began before the blitz had started. The government planned to move 3 and a half million. Only 1,500,000 mothers, children and babies were evacuated from the industrial and built-up areas and sent to the countryside, to ensure their safety during the bombing. Small rural towns and villages were put under enormous strain, as local resources were unprepared and unable to cope with the sudden arrival of such vast numbers of people. Evacuees were treated diversely depending on their social status and whether they had siblings or not. The whole experience created a desire for a new better society. The Beveridge Report was published in 1942 recommending that the government should take responsibility and a welfare state should be set up. The welfare state was put into place in 1944 named The Butler Education Act. It gave all children a right to secondary education free of charge. Some say the impact of the war did more good than bad. Naomi Darling 11H 3 ...read more.

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