• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by Germans in 1940-41

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

1) Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by Germans in 1940-41? The major cities of Britain were bombed because of several different reasons some of them more obvious than others but each reason would have been reason enough to commence the 'blitz' which stands for lightning. One of the reasons is that the 'Battle of Britain' failed. After France surrendered to Germany on June 22nd 1940, Hitler had enough vantage points to attack Britain. A huge attack was devised and codenamed 'Operation Sea lion', however this plan had a key flaw, which was the Royal Air Force. If 'Operation Sea lion' was put into action then the R.A.F would be able to crush the amphibious attack from the sky, so in order to avoid this Hitler ordered the German air force to attack the R.A.F and destroy their shipping ports and aeroplane manufacturing factories. Hitler bombed London, Coventry and other main cities to destroy factories, weapons and machinery. ...read more.

Middle

over London. In retaliation the R.A.F bombed Berlin. Hitler, seeing how much chaos had been caused by this one attack decided to try to break the morale of the British people by bombing the cities in the night time. While bombing the British cities the German fighters could not only break the morale of the British people but they could also continue to bomb the factories and put Britain in total disorder. 2) Describe the effects of the Blitz on everyday life in Britain. Over 1 million shelters had been given to families before the war started and another 1and a half million were built the next year. Families had to carry gas masks in boxes. People used the tube station for shelter during the blitz. About 80 stations sheltered 177 000 people every night. When it was dark lights could not be visible so bombers could not see their targets. The men who had not been recruited or had not signed up for the army would become ARP wardens (Air Raid Precaution). ...read more.

Conclusion

By the end of the war, some factories were run entirely by women. Evacuation began before the blitz had started. The government planned to move 3 and a half million. Only 1,500,000 mothers, children and babies were evacuated from the industrial and built-up areas and sent to the countryside, to ensure their safety during the bombing. Small rural towns and villages were put under enormous strain, as local resources were unprepared and unable to cope with the sudden arrival of such vast numbers of people. Evacuees were treated diversely depending on their social status and whether they had siblings or not. The whole experience created a desire for a new better society. The Beveridge Report was published in 1942 recommending that the government should take responsibility and a welfare state should be set up. The welfare state was put into place in 1944 named The Butler Education Act. It gave all children a right to secondary education free of charge. Some say the impact of the war did more good than bad. Naomi Darling 11H 3 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. Dunkirk and The Battle of Britain - Why was Britain able to win the ...

    This itself shows a great rescue as it portrays the soldiers as being heroic and brave. Also, in the distance, it looks as though a ship is approaching implying that the soldiers are about to get rescued. Source C is another photograph and again I believe the source to be reliable as photographs depict actual events.

  2. History Revision for year 11. The Liberal Reforms, the Beveridge Reforms and the ...

    Lloyd George and Churchill both played important roles in the Liberal Reforms from 1906. So when the Liberal Party won the general election in 1906, they decided to introduce some reforms to improve the health and the welfare of the British people.

  1. Why was britain able to win the battle of britain

    Due to this technology and seeing how France and Poland had fallen, the Brits could learn from there mistakes and use it to there advantage. Also Britain commanded the air due to there advance in planes so this was no problem.

  2. Why did the Germans become involved in the Battle of Stalingrad?

    The German Army was convinced it could beat the Soviets, who had been weakened by the purges of the 1930's. Also, despite winning the Battle of Britain, it was obvious that Britain were in no position to threaten Germany.

  1. Why was Britain able to win the Battle of Britain?

    He was a great teacher and role model, as he taught many of the pilots first hand. This is shown as the RAF pilots were referred to as "Dowding's chicks" Dowding always looked forwards and planned for the future. One of the main example of this was shown during the evacuation of Dunkirk.

  2. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by Germans in 1940-41?

    farms and food factories) with rationing already in place there was already fairly little food coming into Britain so bombing places that were likely to hold a lot of food would cause plenty of disorder and even death in Britain due to hunger.

  1. How did Britain remain undefeated from June 1940 to 1943 in World War 2?

    Hitler's 'Operation Sealion' involved using the Luftwaffe to gain air superiority before sending in the navy and army. Both sides knew that whoever had superiority in the air would win the Battle of Britain, because there was 21 miles of sea between France and England, the Germans would have to

  2. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41?

    Plymouth also is a very large port, and many ships are harboured there. It was bombed, to weaken Britain's defences, if the Germans attacked by sea, then the fleet harboured in Plymouth could intercept them, but they could not if they had already been destroyed.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work