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Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-1941?

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Introduction

Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-1941? Following the fall of France in May 1940, Britain was the only major power left in World War II. Norway, Denmark, Holland and Belgium had all fallen to Germany, and complete domination of Europe seemed imminent for Adolf Hitler. It was necessary for Britain to be defeated, however, before this could happen. The Germans were attempting to do this in 1940 and 1941 during their bombing of Britain. Beginning in July 1940, the Luftwaffe carried out an aerial assault on Britain's radar stations, aircraft factories and fighter bases in order to destroy the RAF so that an invasion could be attempted. ...read more.

Middle

In the absence of a severely damaged Royal Air Force, plans for an invasion were soon completely abandoned. Major British cities were now to be targeted. Thus began what is known as the Blitz. Both sides in 1940 believed that sustained bombing of the civilian population would destroy the country's will to fight and force the government to make peace due to intense pressure from the public. Hitler was trying to achieve victory by this means when he ordered the bombing of major cities to commence in September. Places of historic and cultural importance like cathedrals were specially targeted as great symbolism was attached to some of them. ...read more.

Conclusion

were not being produced to a sufficient extent any more, then this would lead to defeat as a proper defence would not be able to be mounted against any attack. The destruction of industrial areas, ports and railways, combined with the reduced workforce due to low morale and destroyed workplaces, was meant to reduce Britain's ability to fund the war effort. In conclusion, the bombing of civilian targets grew out of the unsuccessful attempt to obliterate the RAF and prepare the way for an invasion . The change in tactics was motivated by Hitler's belief that the bombing would so damage Britain militarily, economically and psychologically that victory would be possible without an immediate invasion. Word Count: 501 words Anna Comboni ...read more.

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