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Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-1941?

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Introduction

Abdullah Mamaniat 10Q Assignment Two: Objective 1 Britain in the Age of Total War, 1939-45 Question One Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-1941? After Hitler failed to defeat the RAF in the Battle of Britain, he turned his attention to British towns and cities. The Blitz, the title given to the German bombing campaign on British cities during World War Two, was Hitler's attempt to destroy Britain's morale and 'soften up' Britain. The attacks started on September 7th 1940. British civilians had not experienced the horror of war until now, and these attacks continued until May 1941. The attacks were night time raids as opposed to daytime to enhance the fear factor and also because losses to the RAF fighters were too heavy during daytime. Another reason why the Germans attacked during the night was to make counter measures difficult. However, Britain did attempt to defend herself with anti-aircraft guns, searchlights, barrage balloons and fighter aircraft, but many of these measures simply relied on luck. ...read more.

Middle

Lastly, the final reason behind these bombing raids was to prevent British workers having a proper rest and thus reduce their ability to concentrate and work. Therefore this would reduce their work capability and a result would force the government to use up their valuable resources. However, in fact the bombing raids made the British people very angry and determined to hurt the Germans in any open way possible. People coped with less sleep, although it was only the odd night now and then again, and people tolerated with the housing situation. More importantly, there was little affect on the resources. The British industry seemed able to soak up the damage and re-organise itself quickly. Additionally, and most importantly the Nazi bombing did not break national morale. Here I have a prime example of a man who suffered at the hands of the Germans. It is a source on a sheet provided by school and in it an A.R.P warden begins with telling us how he at first, "struggled through the Depression years to pay the mortgage" of his house which he bought after marrying in 1933. ...read more.

Conclusion

The same A.R.P warden whose house was bombed during that night in 1942, describes events a little later that night in the second source. He tells us how he saw on old man "running up and down the street in an old-fashioned white nightshirt and white night-carp." Confused the warden tells us he went closer and then tells us what he saw. "He was more or less following the aircraft, shaking his fists at the bombers and shouting, 'Come down here you buggers, and see what happens when you fight fairly!" Clearly we can tell that the Germans weren't successful in the factor that they wanted to destroy the nation's morale. Evidently the above statement tells us that the people of Britain weren't demoralised. However, more importantly, they were angry and wanted to hurt the Germans in any open way possible to them. In summary, the Germans bombed the major cities of Britain to "soften" it up and also to destroy its morale along with other reasons which have been inducted above. However, in general, the British morale was not broken. Above I exposed how but for thousands of British civilians the Blitz was a terrifying ordeal which they would never forget. 1 ...read more.

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