• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-1941?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Abdullah Mamaniat 10Q Assignment Two: Objective 1 Britain in the Age of Total War, 1939-45 Question One Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-1941? After Hitler failed to defeat the RAF in the Battle of Britain, he turned his attention to British towns and cities. The Blitz, the title given to the German bombing campaign on British cities during World War Two, was Hitler's attempt to destroy Britain's morale and 'soften up' Britain. The attacks started on September 7th 1940. British civilians had not experienced the horror of war until now, and these attacks continued until May 1941. The attacks were night time raids as opposed to daytime to enhance the fear factor and also because losses to the RAF fighters were too heavy during daytime. Another reason why the Germans attacked during the night was to make counter measures difficult. However, Britain did attempt to defend herself with anti-aircraft guns, searchlights, barrage balloons and fighter aircraft, but many of these measures simply relied on luck. ...read more.

Middle

Lastly, the final reason behind these bombing raids was to prevent British workers having a proper rest and thus reduce their ability to concentrate and work. Therefore this would reduce their work capability and a result would force the government to use up their valuable resources. However, in fact the bombing raids made the British people very angry and determined to hurt the Germans in any open way possible. People coped with less sleep, although it was only the odd night now and then again, and people tolerated with the housing situation. More importantly, there was little affect on the resources. The British industry seemed able to soak up the damage and re-organise itself quickly. Additionally, and most importantly the Nazi bombing did not break national morale. Here I have a prime example of a man who suffered at the hands of the Germans. It is a source on a sheet provided by school and in it an A.R.P warden begins with telling us how he at first, "struggled through the Depression years to pay the mortgage" of his house which he bought after marrying in 1933. ...read more.

Conclusion

The same A.R.P warden whose house was bombed during that night in 1942, describes events a little later that night in the second source. He tells us how he saw on old man "running up and down the street in an old-fashioned white nightshirt and white night-carp." Confused the warden tells us he went closer and then tells us what he saw. "He was more or less following the aircraft, shaking his fists at the bombers and shouting, 'Come down here you buggers, and see what happens when you fight fairly!" Clearly we can tell that the Germans weren't successful in the factor that they wanted to destroy the nation's morale. Evidently the above statement tells us that the people of Britain weren't demoralised. However, more importantly, they were angry and wanted to hurt the Germans in any open way possible to them. In summary, the Germans bombed the major cities of Britain to "soften" it up and also to destroy its morale along with other reasons which have been inducted above. However, in general, the British morale was not broken. Above I exposed how but for thousands of British civilians the Blitz was a terrifying ordeal which they would never forget. 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. Q1) Why did the Germans bomb the major cities of Britain in 1940-1941?

    Destroy public morale by bombing densely populated residential areas, East End of London and religious towns such as York and Canterbury. Hitler believed that the people of Britain would surrender if they saw large civilian casualties and became exhausted by scarcity of food supplies, medicines and sleepless nights so that there would be none to organize resistance.

  2. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940 - ...

    country of its resources and to stop the country exporting goods which they needed for extra revenue. Unfortunately for the Germans this did not happen, due to the resilience of the British people. In a way the bombings of London, Liverpool, Coventry and other towns and cities made the country work together against the enemy, untied.

  1. Why were major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41?

    People can learn that the British responded to terror and tragedy with courage and determination and that even people in the most appalling circumstances still managed to keep their sense of humour. British people bravely took part in war. People can learn that it wasn't only soldiers that were involved

  2. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41?

    that all windows were blacked out with thick black curtains or blinds. The blackout was supposed to make it more complicated German bombers to find their targets at night. However, more often than not the blackout proved to be no use at all, because if it was a clear night

  1. Britain In theAge of Total War, 1939-1945 - why were the major cities of ...

    Hitler went mad because it was symbolic of what was happening. So Germany switched targets from our airfields to our cities at the beginning of September this allowed our aircraft to survive, which was a bad plan on Hitler part because it means we can control the air.

  2. Why Were the Major Cities of Britain Bombed by the Germans in 1940-1941?

    Despite such bombings, "nobody was seriously frightened (page 10)." That same night, 448 people were killed and 1,600 people were seriously injured. For this reason, that day is known as 'Black Saturday.' Such unnecessary slaughter of civilians meant that many came to the conclusion that this turbulent time "wasn't war,

  1. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940 - ...

    that a population could be bombed into surrender. The theory was that being in fear of a sudden and violent death there would be uprising and civil unrest urging the British government to capitulate. That theory was now being put into practise.

  2. Britain in the Age of Total War, 1939-45.

    Also I know that the bombing was random as the photo is showing a school so that means that bombing wasn't targeted and this shows that people who weren't in the battlefield were also effected. But the source has some learning limitations as it is only a snapshot and I don't now where else the bombing happened.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work