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Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41?

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Introduction

Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41? The major cities of Britain were bombed by the Germans in 1940-41 in revenge, as Britain had moved on from bombing industrial areas in Germany, and had started to bomb the capital city, Berlin. Hitler was outraged by this and ordered Goering, the commander of the Luftwaffe, to begin reprisal raids on London. Hitler had changed his plans from bombing aircraft factories and runways, to bombing major cities starting early in September 1940. At first, London was the only target, and was bombed for 76 nights in a row from 7th September 1940.However, the Luftwaffe started bombing other major British cities such as; Liverpool, Plymouth, Birmingham and Coventry. These cities started getting bombed in November 1940. ...read more.

Middle

Destroying these factories would result in the RAF becoming weak, and would eventually lead to the RAF being destroyed completely. Source D, (Edexcel Britain in the age of total war coursework assignments booklet) a photograph taken on 15th November 1940, shows the damage inflicted on Coventry after an air-raid. In 1942; Plymouth, Swansea, Portsmouth and Belfast were Germans main targets as they were main ports in Britain. Bombing these would stop supplies coming in from the USA. Exeter, York and Bath were bombed in 1942 in revenge. This was because the RAF had started to bomb historic cities in Germany, so the Luftwaffe returned the favour by bombing Britain's historic cities. ...read more.

Conclusion

Those at home in the most appalling circumstances kept their sense of humour. Their memories will break your heart and make you smile". This source tells us how the British morale stayed high during the Blitz, and people kept their sense of humour. In the long term, the Germans wanted to achieve total domination, not only over Britain, but over the whole of Europe. They saw Britain and the RAF as a main target, and decided to destroy them. They attempted this in the Blitz by wiping out all of Britain's major cities, reducing the population, and reducing the British morale. They succeeded in wiping out Britain's major cities and reducing the population, however they did not reduce the "great British morale". ?? ?? ?? ?? Charlie Bryant ...read more.

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