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Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41?

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Introduction

Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41? The Blitz started on London but then shifted to other British cities with important factories and military bases such as Birmingham, Cardiff, Coventry, Liverpool, Portsmouth, Sheffield and Southampton. It lasted from September 1940 until April 1941. Around 40,000 ordinary British people were killed, another 46,000 injured and about one million houses destroyed or damaged. Germany's main target was Coventry because the important aircraft factories were based there. Portsmouth was bombed very heavily as it was an important naval base. Other ports were bombed too but this made it difficult for Britain to get any supply ships and to make it hard to control the navy. The website bbc.co.uk/education/revision provides some details regarding why Hitler changed his mind and it was operation Sealion that the Germans planned to invade England in the summer of 1940. However the German air force or Luftwaffe failed to win the Battle of Britain, which meant that it would have been far too dangerous to attack Britain across the Channel using boats and paratroops. ...read more.

Middle

The Blitz was only German bombers attacking the military targets. Germans made it seem that they were only attacking the factories that made weapons and installations but this was just propaganda. But most bombing was at night and was targeted at civilians and military bases. The whole point of the Blitz was to destroy the industry. London docks were victims of this and so were the people. This was in the East End where there were many severe bombings. The German air force the Luftwaffe, attempted to target the main sources. These were railway lines, power stations, junctions and gasholders. The worst areas for people were where the working class people were situated near the big cities. London was their original plan, but soon realized that there where important factories and military bases situated in Birmingham, Cardiff, Coventry and other major places. From the Second World War book, 20th century history it is noted that during the war there were many problems for the people. They had to take shelter under severe conditions. The house windows were taped to prevent injury from shattered glass and streetlights were switched off. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Germans would use highly explosive bombs, which would weigh at 500 or 1,000 pounds. Land mines were the most dangerous ones to use. These would be drifted down on parachutes and then explode later. The Germans had dropped at least 200 tonnes of bombs on average every day. This time 538 tonnes bombs were dropped on 15 October, this was the largest amount of bombs dropped at any time during the war. Conclusion The Blitz was targeted at the major cities of Britain to destroy vital infrastructure that would hurt not only the people but also the military. Although Hitler wanted to invade Britain this proved to be a difficult task and thus he decided with his generals to bomb key cities instead believing that this would result in a victory. The number of civilians killed outweighed the number of military personnel. London seemed to be affected the most during the Blitz and had a devastating affect on the people who relied on shelters including the underground. The main reason for the survival of the Blitz was due to the preparations that were made by the British Government, and the propaganda used by the media to increase the morale of the people. Arbab Bhatti Year 10 2 Arbab Bhatti Year 10 5/9/07 1 ...read more.

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