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Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41?

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  • Essay length: 3601 words
  • Submitted: 17/08/2003
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GCSE Britain 1905-1951

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Britain in the Age of Total War 1939-1945 Coursework

Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41?

Since the start of the Second World War in September 1939, Britain had been preparing for attack. The Government had issued warnings as early as 3rd September, urging people to keep off the streets when possible, carry gas masks and build air raid shelters. Many children, disabled people and women had been evacuated from cities to the country as a precaution. But by Easter 1940 there had been no fighting to speak of, and the majority of the British public had given up expecting a battle and returned to their normal lives. Evacuees returned to the cities and most people regarded this "Phoney War" as something of an anticlimax. During this period from the start of the war to spring 1940, the war to some Europeans had been anything but phoney. Hitler's "Blitzkrieg" (lighting war) style warfare was used first on Poland. This involved the massive use of tanks, motorised infantry and the airforce in order to invade the country and beat the resistance in all areas of the military. The Polish army did not

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