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Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41?

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Introduction

Essay1; why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41? On Saturday 7th September 1940 at 4:50pm air-raid sirens spewed their unyielding call into the air. The citizens of the city not knowing whether this was a practice or the real thing scuttled and scrambled towards there pre-defined shelters, then suddenly the silence of the city was shattered by the rhythmic sound of heavy anti-aircraft fire, the heavy, unceasing and the unmistaken drone of massed aircraft engines, and then the eerie sound of bombs falling left no one in doubt, The Blitz had started. This first raid on London was supposed to have been aimed at the docks, warehouses and factories along the Thames but the Germans ended up dropping 85% of there ordnance on the densely populated East-end. By the morning of 8th September 430 people had been killed and a further 1600 had been wounded. In the following essay I am going to explore the German high commands reasoning behind their decision to start the Blitz. ...read more.

Middle

Also with the use of radar the British could tell where the Germans were coming from and their number, this helped as the British knew how many squadrons to scramble and where to send them. The Germans also hoped that incessant raids on London would breed such discontent in the civilian population by way of the killing of friends and families and the loss of homes that the British government would be forced to the peace table with no leverage, but in saying this Hitler told his aide's that he didn't want to humiliate Britain "Britain is a stabilizing force in the world and to humiliate her would cause strife across the world." Hitler hoped the German Reich and the British Empire could work together. But if the Germans could force the British to surrender this would be better for Germany as this would stop the Germans from great loss resulting from the invasion of Britain. The German bombing raids were centred around industrial centres such as London and Manchester so as to destroy munitions factories and other factories so as to reduce the British capability to conduct war on a large scale. ...read more.

Conclusion

But towards the end of the first Blitz the British AA defences were growing and with the advent of the British Beaufighter the German losses were mounting. The German High Command had seen that by the bombing of cities countries would surrender. This had happened in Denmark when after one light raid on Copenhagen the Danish government had surrendered immediately. So the Germans assumed that the same would happen in Britain. Out the outset of the war neither side in the conflict wished to bomb cities as they knew that retaliation would ensue, and that both sides would have massive civilian causalities as had occurred in the bombings in the Spanish civil war and the bombings in China by the Japanese. The Blitz was an accident that Hitler was forced into as a response to the British bombing of Berlin. Hitler's aims for the Blitz were to subdue the British people into surrender, and to destroy the British ability to wage war. The German Blitz ended without success with the recall of bomber squadrons for the planned Blitzkrieg in Russia. ...read more.

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