• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41? By the summer of 1940 the war had taken on a new shape. Britain was in the Germans sight after the fall of France on 22nd June 1940. The German aim was simply to destroy the RAF as a prelude to the invasion of Britain (Known as Operation Sea lion). The Germans bombed ports, airfields and radar stations. This started a prolonged battle of the air known as the Battle of Britain. After several weeks of fighting the RAF seemed to be on their knees after a positive initial start but suddenly Hitler changed his tactics. This new tactic of bombing London, and later on other major cities, became known as "The Blitz." ...read more.

Middle

The Germans started bombing the east end of London. They bombed here for numerous reasons. First of all it was retaliation for British bombing of Germany. Second of all because the east end is the area where the docks are. This was important because it meant it would be hard to get supplies in and out of London. The docks were also mostly made out of wood and would burn easily. This is useful because the fire this would cause would act as a target for other bombers. The east end is also one of the most densely populated areas in London and by bombing that area more casualties and more homes were destroyed. ...read more.

Conclusion

Germanys aim of reducing war production failed in Coventry and Liverpool. By January the bombing attacks still visited London but decided to concentrate on the ports of the coasts. Like in the docks of east London they wanted to destroy the places where supplies arrived. Places like Plymouth were bombed again and again which severely affected the morale of the civilians. Small places such as Orkney, Cornwall and Clydebank were bombed as little of Britain was exempt from the blitz. In conclusion an aim of all three phases of the blitz was to damage civilian morale. Although this wasn't the main target for the latter two phases it was Hitler's original; idea of bombing Britain as heavily as possible that they would lose hope and surrender which started the blitz. By Richard Hackforth-Jones ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. How important were Haig's tactics in bringing an end to WW1?

    I can't tell wither they would have won the war or not but my opinion is that they would not have. However, it is possible to claim that the main factor for Germany losing the war was the lack of resources they had and the most important factor for ending

  2. Women & the British Car Industry

    Source 1 is also affected by the war. More women would have been working for Rover at that time than as usual because the majority of men that worked there would have gone to war. This would have changed the wages book dramatically by increasing the number of women on the pay role.

  1. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by Germans in 1940-41?

    Many factories and shops that fuelled the economy of Britain were all tightly compacted into one area and therefore the bombing of these in major cities proved costly to the war effort and economy. One type of factory that was particularly targeted by the Germans were munitions factories.

  2. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41?

    the same as the total number of bombs dropped on Britain throughout the First World War per day). This Blitz killed meant 13,000 Londoners were killed in 1940 - by the summer of 1941 43,000 Britons lay dead as a result of the bombings.

  1. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940 - ...

    It showed that the whole country was going through the same experience and same hardships even members of the royal family and this created a positive community spirit.

  2. Why were major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41?

    Government tried its level best for the task, which they were facing but still it was not enough. So, we can say that, not even people faced a lot of hardship during war but even the government who had to deal with them.

  1. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41?

    Liverpool was bombed heavily, it was a major industrial, commercial city, it manufactured a lot of weapons etc and all buildings, warehouses, and factories connected with industry etc were obvious targets for bombs. As with London, heavy bombing was used as an attempt at trying to lower morale.

  2. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41?

    to base, and a fantastic British claim of 184 planes shot down was incorrect, but 34 bombers were destroyed and a quarter of the fleet was no longer fit for action.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work