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Why were the Nazis able to achieve power in Germany in the years 1929-January 33?

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Introduction

Why were the Nazis able to achieve power in Germany in the years 1929-January 33? The main reasons for the emergence of Nazi were the weakness of the Weimar Republic, the strength of the Nazi party, the crippling economic factors of the period and the desperation that the public felt because of the high unemployment. The collapse of the Weimar Republic was mainly because of the Depression of 1929 and this depression turned the Nazi party into a mass movement because they seemed to offer a viable solution to all Germany's problems. The fundamental cause for the poor state of the economy was that there was a lack of faith and investment in the German economy. This meant that unemployment rose from between 2 and 3 million in 1930 to 6 million in 1933. This affected all the classes and resulted in a loss of pride and respectability. Many of Germany's "Mittelstrand" faced bankruptcy and a loss of livelihood. This meant the Nazi party was able to use their new importance to condemn the Republic as weak and a symbol of the oppression of the German people. ...read more.

Middle

Through the ambiguity and effectiveness of Nazi propaganda both groups were enticed to vote for the Nazis, despite having seemingly different desires. Another important factor in the emergence of the Nazi party was its reorganization in the period 1926-28. This had a profound effect on the effectiveness of the party. The division of the party into 'Gaue' gave the Nazi party a presence at local level. This contact with the masses meant that people attracted them to the Nazi party and encouraged many to vote for them. The development of organizations such as the Hitler Youth and the Nazi Teachers Association were another example of how the Nazi party was able to tailor itself to appeal to certain social groups. These were effective but it was the Hitler Youth that could potentially have the greatest impact. The promotion of Nazi ideology to young people could attract to vote Nazi and ensure the Nazis remained in power for generations. However the main reason the Nazi party achieved power was that they had Hitler as a leader. ...read more.

Conclusion

To try and further undermine the Nazi power Papen planned his own dictatorship. However Schleicher persuaded Hindenburg to dismiss Papen and to appoint himself as Chancellor. In a move hoped to split the Nazi party Schleicher offered Strasser (a leading Nazi) the position of vice-chancellor. Strasser refused and on the 28th of January Papen persuaded the president to appoint Hitler as chancellor and Papen as vice chancellor in a Nazi-Nationalist coalition government. Without these political developments Hitler would not have been able to gain power. Once in this position Hitler knew that once he was in power he could strengthen his own position and eventually achieve a Nazi majority in the Reichstag. If this was achieved he could pass his Enabling Act and achieve total power in Germany. The most important reason for the Nazis getting into a position of power was the desperate political and economic situation Germany found herself in the years after WW1. Without this the Nazis would not have been able to gain such widespread mass support. The most important reason the Nazis and in particular Hitler gained power was the belief that Hitler could be controlled and appeased; a mistake that would be made by Chamberlain in the years to come. ...read more.

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