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Why were the Nazis successful in the elections in the 1930s?

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Introduction

History homework Sarah O'Neill 28th October 03 Why were the Nazis successful in the elections in the 1930s? Between 1928 and 1932 the National Socialist German Workers' (Nazi) Party became the most popular political party in Germany. In 1928 it won only 2.8 per cent of the popular vote; but in 1930 it won 18.3 per cent; and in July 1932 it gained a massive 37.3 per cent of all votes cast, winning the commitment of 13.7 million Germans. The year 1932 was a great breakthrough for the Nazi's political and social success. They were able to gain the votes of the German people because they took advantage of the depression. The people were suffering and complaining about the extreme problems. The Nazis decided the dilemmas needed extreme solutions. The depression was due to business failure. The numbers of failed businesses multiplied and unemployment rose dramatically to 3 million in 1930, 4.35 million in 1931, and 6 million by the winter of 1932. The last figure meant that one in three of the working population were unemployed. This economic crisis created a climate of despair for many Germans. Many workers, especially those hard hit by unemployment, remained committed to the left but turned increasingly away from the democratically oriented Social Democrats (SPD) and towards the more radical Communist party (KPD), which had the desire to overthrow the Weimar Republic. ...read more.

Middle

This allowed many people to read and be drawn to what Hitler wanted. The people realised Hitler was their "saviour"; the book later became a best seller which shows how many people were interested in Hitler. Mein Kampf is basically a statement of the goals or fundamental ideas of the Nazi movement. The disappointing failure of the Putsch convinced Hitler that the only sure, legit way to gain power was by legal means. In other words they would stand in elections, just like any other party to campaign for votes and if the Nazis had any hope of gaining power, it would have to be with the support or, at least, the neutrality of the army. Hitler had learnt his lesson the hard way. They would win power by democratic methods instead of trying to grab it by force. Hitler was forced to come to this decision not purely by his own desire, but by external factors. Many people were certain that with Hitler in jail the Nazi party had been destroyed before it was really able to blossom. The Nazi Party was banned following the aftermath of the Putsch. Nonetheless, while Hitler was still inside, he entered the Nazis (under another name) into the Reichstag elections for the first time. Once in power, the Nazis could dismantle the republic by using the organisations of the state itself The Nazi national revolution could then be established. ...read more.

Conclusion

They realised the working class citizens were turning towards the communists although they did like the anti-Jewish message, which increased the anti-Jewish propaganda, so they focused their energy on the middle classes, where a lot of their support lay. Germans had always judged their country by economic success. The economy was falling and the Weimar government seemed to have no idea how to control it even though unemployment was rising as well as the growth of poverty. They tried to get them out of the depression but had little success. They were scared that the same problems that occurred in 1923 (inflation) would happen again. So they raised taxes, cut wages and reduced benefits, which was turning the Germans away from them and towards the Nazis who promised to bring Germany out of the depression and make them great again. I think that one reason is not more important than any other. They all affect different aspects of German life and what the Nazis did to try and control the problem. They are all individual reasons for the Nazi's success and result in a promising future for the Nazi party. Hitler and the Nazi team changed their tactics in order to be recognised as a strong party in the Reichstag. They then manipulated the situation that Germany was in to their own advantage. People in Germany were tired of their poor quality of life. Hitler promised to make Germany proud again - it was exactly what the people wanted to hear. Hitler pledged something for every part of Germany society. ...read more.

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