• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why were the opponents of the Tzars from 1855 ultimately more successful than those who opposed the Communists regime after 1917?

Extracts from this document...


Why were the opponents of the Tzars from 1855 ultimately more successful than those who opposed the Communists regime after 1917? The Tzarist Empire fell when Tzar Nicholas II was forced to abdicate in 1917 by Tzarist opposition where as the Communists were not forced by opposition but freely chose to end communism under Gorbachev in 1989. This suggests the question is true that ultimately opponents of the Tzar were more successful as they put an end to Tzarist rule where as opponents of the Communists failed to end Communism. The only times there was actually successful opposition was in February and October 1917 with the before mentioned abdication of Tzar Nicholas II and a successful revolution by Lenin and the Communists. However there was also limited success in times with the 1905 revolution, Kronstadt, civil war, early stages of collectivisation and Khrushchev's succession. To answer this question there are two areas to investigate including the threat of the opposition and the regimes in relation to the opposition. Firstly this paragraph will be discussing the nature and threat of opposition under Tzarist rule. Under Alexander II the new openness encouraged by reforms meant opposition grew in the form of writers and students wanting radical demands for a constitution which the Tzar was unable to meet. With the newly allowed freedom by the censors writers began to discuss further reforms and that the Tzar was contributing to the backwardness of Russia. ...read more.


In terms of opposition to the Tzar the sheer support is large however as the opposition was entirely peaceful it is of a different nature and less of a threat to the Tzar; especially in a country where only violence seems to change political direction. The Tzar in relation to the opposition was very extreme with 200 killed, this with out a doubt showing why opposition wasn't successful because it was so fiercely destroyed. The less threatening Bloody Sunday led to more extreme opposition and the visions of Bloody Sunday caused mass peasant revolts and even the Tzar's uncle Grand Duke Sergei was assassinated this made the Tzar so anxious he published the October Manifesto which granted freedom of speech, meeting and association. This wasn't enough to satisfy the peasants and a Union of Peasants was set up and finally a mutiny on the battleship 'Potemkin' which sparked mutiny in the whole armed forces. By mid October the whole of Russia was paralyzed by strike, this meant that all of the Tzar's opponents were now united. This now meant the Tzar was forced to accept cabinet government and appointed Russia's first Prime Minister Count Witte. This opposition was quite fierce as it was supported by vast numbers of the population and completed halted the Russian economy. This forced Tzar Nicholas II to distribute some of his power in the form of appointing a Prime Minister which he would not have done that lightly. ...read more.


This opposition of no particular group just generally the whole country was extremely successful opposition as it caused the overthrow of 300 years of Romanov rule. This was more successful than the opposition of communism because of the far less threat of fear compared to the degree under communism. In conclusion, I think that yes the opponents of the Tzars from 1855 were ultimately more successful than those who opposed the Communists regime after 1917. This was because firstly there was a greater threat to the Tzarist regime between 1855-1917 with the poor standard of living and famine which was more extreme in Tzarist time. This led to circumstances resulting in opposition such as the 1905 revolution and the forced abdication of the Tzar because of the failing war and lack of reforms. In terms of the Tzarist regime in relation to the opposition they brutally put down opposition but not to the same extend as the Communists who used more fear tactics to scare opposition. Furthermore with the cult of personality especially of Stalin, opposition was less likely to arise as people believed Stalin to be even like a god figure and with clever use of propaganda that the Communists made better use of to keep their support high and opposition low. However I think the key factor why the opponents of the Tzars from 1855 were ultimately more successful than those who opposed the Communists regime after 1917 were the extreme measures that would happen to Communist opposition no matter what scale such as certain death! ?? ?? ?? ?? Nick Williams ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Why did the Tsarist regime fall in 1917?

    Source F also illustrates the discontent: 'The mass of the population is at present in a very troubled mood...an exceptional heightening of opposition and bitterness of feeling became very obvious among wide sections of the population of Petrograd. There were more and more frequent complaints about the administration and fierce

  2. Why was Lenin able to seize power in October 1917?

    When the Tsar finally realized what was happening he set off from the Military headquarters at Mogilev in his royal train for his family home in, Tsarskoe Selo. His Train stopped at Pskov station, so that he could get help but instead he learnt that his generals would no longer support him.

  1. Assess the strengths & weakness of Russia around 1855

    Not to mention this caused famine nearly all the time in Russia this mixed with traditional agricultural methods resulted in there always an area in Russia where people were dieing of starvation, this is a major weakness to Russia society.

  2. How and why did the Bolsheviks seize power in 1917?

    The government's attempt to deal with Russia's problems failed dramatically. In 1903 it slightly relaxed its censorship and other oppressive measures. This resulted in an explosion of anti-government pamphlets, articles and books. It also tried to set up government-approved unions (others were illegal)

  1. The blance sheet for russia.

    the very beginning - no matter what difficulties we experienced, no matter what defeats were in store for us, the world socialist revolution would come - because it is coming; would mature - because it is maturing and will reach full maturity.

  2. How successful were Stalin's economic policies in the 1920s and 30s?

    It meant that the rest of the peasants were now aware of what would happen to them if they did not co-operate with Stalin in his campaign to collectivize Russia and it gave Stalin and collectivisation a good image as they were liberating the majority of farmable land from the

  1. How Successful Was Roosevelt’s New Deal?

    At the same time, Roosevelt's advisers had come up with a series of rules and regulations which would prevent the reckless speculation which contributed to the Wall Street Crash. The immediate action which Franklin D. Roosevelt took astounded most Americans and they began to think that Franklin D.

  2. Stalin’s Application of Communism

    No major effort was made to assist the Chinese Communists, who were forced in 1935 to withdraw their battered forces to the Northwest, there to reorganize under Mao Tse-tung. Clearly, it would have been even more costly and risky to attempt to save the German Communists from decimation at the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work