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Why were there Two Revolutions in 1917?

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Introduction

Why were there Two Revolutions in 1917? Russian revolution in 1917 resulted in the collapse of centuries of Tsarism and the establishment of the world's first communist state. There were said to be two revolutions in that year, the first one being in February, which was spontaneous and largely unorganised by the provisional committee. The other revolution being in October which in contrast to the February revolution, was well organised and masterly executed coup d'etat by a party who had skilfully aligned itself with the demands of the worker and peasants. With Russia going into war, may have been a factor, which helped cause the February revolution. An example of this was the economic effects, the acute food shortages. This led to people joining in the full-scale strike called Putilov Steel as they heard rumours of worsening bread shortages. Also on the 23rd February, it was International Women's Day, which brought thousands of women onto the streets protesting about food shortages and calling an end to the war. ...read more.

Middle

Rasputin had been universally loathed: the peasants disliked his association with the aristocracy and his abandonment of his roots. Political opposition reviled him as a pivotal figure in the Tsar regime; and the aristocracy hated his influence over the Tsar and saw their leader as a weak-minded individual easily led by an ignorant peasant. He was considered to represent all that was wrong with Tsarist regime, he became a significant figure for opposition to highlight as a justified reason to oppose the regime. The Petrograd Soviet was sailors and workers deputies gathered the main force behind this group was the Menshiviks. The Petrograd Soviet was one factor that caused the October Revolution, as the reason it formed was due to hyperinflation, acute food shortages and inadequate food shortages. Leading revolutionary Trotsky commented 'it would be no exaggeration to say that Petrograd achieved the Russian Revolution....' Indeed, it would be correct to say that the protests and strikes in Petrograd were not the main cause of events. ...read more.

Conclusion

The February revolution was not classified as a true revolution but a palace coup, designed to protect the upper class through the bourgeoisie. This is the same case with the October revolution; it was not a real revolution in Marxist terms. As for this the workers need to overthrow the capitalist but however, the workers didn't but the Bolsheviks did, who were a small elite group of professional revolutionaries. We also have to remember that the disorganisation and chaos of the Provisional Government meant that it was hardly worth overthrowing, it had little choice but to surrender the little power that it still had. The Bolsheviks were able to walk through the gates of the Winter Palace and take national control without putting much of a fight up. This was not really a revolution at all, it makes us think whether there was a revolution at all in 1917. 1 1 Pavandeep Johal ...read more.

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