• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why were there two revolutions in Russia in 1917?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why were there two revolutions in Russia in 1917? The question requires you to examine why the March Revolution happened in the first place; but further, why it failed to solve Russia's crisis. You must also be able to explain how a tiny minority radical group, the Bolsheviks, came to dominate the Russian state in the second revolution, with the support of the urban proletariat. Answer plan 1. Marxist ideology in the early 20th century argued that a society had to go through two revolutions - a liberal bourgeois one, followed much later, at the full development of capitalism, by a socialist revolution led and controlled by "the dictatorship of the proletariat". ...read more.

Middle

3. The only real political opposition was in the cities among a Socialist/ Populist intelligentsia; their ideas were intellectual and radical, and Lenin's ideas were essentially anti-western and anti-liberal; the contrast between the Bolshevik and Menshevik approaches; the Mensheviks attempting to retain the orthodox Marxist view of the two revolutions, in spite of the realities of Russian society. 4. The effects of the First World War: a huge economic boom, but the Government and administration were not flexible enough to cope; the Government broke down under the strains of war in 1917; the failure to feed the towns; financial chaos; the distrust of Tsarist circles; the mismanagement of the war effort; desertion of troops. ...read more.

Conclusion

7. The March Revolution occured because of the crisis in Russia's economy and society, and because of the strains of the very rapid development to meet the demands of war; but the liberal bourgeois revolution did not work out in practice; there was no substantial liberal middle class and no true capitalist economic structure to form the base of a Western-style political order; the November Revolution occurred as a logical outcome, almost as a reaction, to Western theory and influence; the Bolsheviks alone seemed to offer a 'real' enough solution to the crisis of Russian society, more particularly the land question. Significantly, the Bolshevik takeover was consolidated by the decrees on land and peace. ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Source based questions on the Russian revolutions.

    Another reason is that in source E, his wife tells a different story. His wife says that Medvedev was actually in the room, wasn't asked to go out and in addition to all this, she says that he actually fired at the royal family and even "emptied two or three bullets into the tzar."

  2. How and why did the Bolsheviks seize power in 1917?

    The government attempted to use other methods to get the peoples support such as discrimination and violence against Jews, Muslims and minorities. This had little effect. Strikes were on the rise and his own supporters were beginning to doubt him.

  1. The blance sheet for russia.

    An internal struggle is necessary to overcome these vacillations. This occurred in the Bolshevik Party after Lenin's return to Russia, when the Bolshevik leaders in Petrograd (mainly Zinoviev, Kamenev and Stalin) adopted a conciliatory attitude to the Provisional Government and even considered fusing with the Mensheviks.

  2. Why did the revolutions of 1848-49 fail to remove foreign influence from Italy?

    Another factor in the failure was the difference in how to go about the revolutions. Not only was it the aims that differed but also the methods in which to achieve them. There were different extremes, with the liberals such as Balbo and Gioberti and the radicals such as Mazzini.

  1. In spite of the Czar's decrees and declarations, Russia, by the beginning of the ...

    Witte realized that Nicholas II was not meant to carry the burden of leading Russia to an industrial nation as a Great Power. Nicholas II's weakness was even obvious to himself, when he said, "I always give in and in the end am made the fool, without will, without character."

  2. Stalin's Russia course work What was wrong with Russia before 1917?

    o It failed to solve food shortages and other economic problems. o The Bolsheviks offered alternative polices which were more popular. Bolshevik revolution o Planned the Bolsheviks to strike at the same time as the all-Russian congress of soviets was meeting in Petrograd.

  1. Why were there Two Revolutions in 1917?

    So with his slogan of "Bread, Peace and Land", Lenin gained the support of the peasants and gained control of Russia and setup a communist state. The bluntness of their messages and the sense of priority proved extremely appealing to the proletariat.

  2. Lenin's Importance in the 1917 Revolutions.

    to be a direct threat to other revolutionary groups such as the Mensheviks. In continuation, the role of peasantry was substantial in Lenin?s perspective as the party started planning the February Revolution. The idea of revolution should always be based ?firmly around the proletariat? against the Provisional Government and the April Theses.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work