• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"Why were Ulster Unionists so determined to resist home rule for Ireland in the period 1895 - 1914?"

Extracts from this document...


Matthew Pitt L6W 26/1/2003 "Why were Ulster Unionists so determined to resist home rule for Ireland in the period 1895 - 1914?" The Ulster Unionists were first set up in 1885 to oppose the introduction of the First Home Rule bill in (march) 1886, as it would provide a focus for opposition to the bill. Ulster had many differences to the rest of Ireland, but they were not only religious (The Catholic north and Protestant south) and political differences, economic terms between Ulster and the rest of Ireland differed completely as Ulster was industrial and the rest of Ireland was mainly agricultural. Throughout the period between 1895 - 1914 although only one home rule bill was made, the relations between Ulster and the rest of Ireland deteriorated. Ulster was different to the rest of Ireland in three main ways; Religiously, Politically and Economically. Ireland was divided into Catholics and Protestants, and at the time the difference between them was 2,100,000 in favour of the Catholics. This was where the problem lay for Ulster. It was a Protestant area and if Home Rule was passed the Ulstermen believed that the out numbered Protestants would suffer at the hands of Catholics. ...read more.


them with everything they needed to produce goods efficiently and at not too high a price, therefore if the Home Rule occured then the economy in Ulster would fail along with its political and religious aspects. In 1906 when the Liberal party won power, The ulster Unionists had to increase pressure as well as their own party, because now the Liberals, who wanted to impose home rule, were in power they had more potential power themseleves. And although the Irish Question was seen as lesser problem now, it still meant the Ulster Unionists had to become stronger, as by 1910 it would eventually it was a main concern of the Liberals because the conservatives had gained an extra seat and they themsleves had lost two, so the conservatives had slighty more power in the house of Lords and therefore would push for Home Rule for Ireland, so the Liberals had to listen, as the parliament act stopped them from refusing to pass the bill again. And when the Parliament act became law in 1911 it meant that Ulster had to be extremely determined to fight Home Rule. The Ulster Unionists began preparing to resist the thrid Home Rule Bill as soon as the Parliament act became law, this resistance ...read more.


This showed grit from the Unionists and proved how they were not going to give up until Home Rule was abandoned, and this grit was sustained until and throughout the first world war. Ulster was a completely different place when compared to Southern Ireland. It was religiously, politcally and economically different to the rest of Ireland, which made it seem as if it was not part of Ireland at all, and it did not want to be. It had to remain so determined to resist Home Rule because if it did not then it would not be able to carry on running as it was currently doing. The industry relied on Britain, and without Britains support it could not prosper. It was the only manily Protestant area of Ireland, as Southern Ireland was mainly Catholic, which meant if home rule became law the greater number of Catholics in Ireland (about 2 million more Catholics) would 'rule' over the protestants ("home rule means rome rule"). And as it was a Conservative/Unionist area it would be predominately run by the Irish Nationalist Party. All of these factors meant that the Ulster Unionists had to be determined to resist home rule, because if they laid down then it would bring about the downfall of not only the Unionsts, but the Conseravties and the whole of Ulster itself ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Ireland - What are the main differences between the beliefs of the Republicans/Nationalists and ...

    They believed that the British had no right to be in Ireland at all, and wanted a united Ireland, separate from Britain. The history of Ireland is a very violent one, and involves many deaths since the troubles first began over differences of opinion.

  2. I will explain how Carson, Craig and the Ulster Unionists were opposed to the ...

    As Carson and Craig were leaders of the Union and opposed to any reform for the six counties of Northern Ireland, they believed that as they were loyal and committed to the crown and British rule, they expected the same loyalty and respect from West Minister and any passing of

  1. Why were some forms of opposition more successful than others in the period 1798-1921?

    The meeting was called off because O'Connell wanted peace. Not standing up to the British government lost O'Connell support and the Irish lost the will to fight. In 1834 O'Connell put forward for a debate in the House of Commons.

  2. What Were the Characteristics of Ulster Unionism From the 1880's Until The Partition?

    As Mike Cronin comments in his book a history of Ireland "It is clear that in the second half of the nineteenth century unionists across the country felt threatened by talk of home rule." In Ulster especially as in severing the link with Britain and the Empire, would destroy their comparative economic wealth.

  1. What are the main differences between Republicans / Nationalists and Unionists / Loyalists?

    changes they believe are necessary to ensure the safety and well being of Ireland in the future. The Protestant unionists of Northern Ireland still see the Easter Rising as evidence that Catholics are traitors and will dominate and destroy the country if they are allowed into power.

  2. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    Sinn Fein at that stage was producing a document which talked about a federal Ireland rather than a united Ireland, talked about an agreement ... whereby it was possible for Protestants to have control over their own identity, have their own sense of autonomy, but inside a British-free Ireland.

  1. How serious was the crisis in Ireland between 1909 and 1914?

    Subsequently, as maintained by Peaple "Ulster Unionists had a vested economic interest in preserving the Union while other parts of Ireland did not." Judging by this, Ireland was clearly a divided country, with one section as Adelman explains, "looking outwards towards Britain."

  2. Why do people in Ulster put the time and effort into producing paintings like ...

    Explain the reasons why Protestants march on the 12th July? It is traditional for Orange men, who are Protestant men from the Orange order, to march through the streets of Ulster during the month of July wearing orange sashes and carrying banners.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work