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With reference to at least 2 of the following, how successful was Nazi Propaganda: Art/ architecture, Education, Film, Radio, and Newspapers.

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Introduction

With reference to at least 2 of the following, how successful was Nazi Propaganda: Art/ architecture Education Film Radio Newspapers. For the Nazi party, uniformed acceptance of their aims and ideals was the most important aspect of Nazi life. In order to get people to accept and conform to these values the Nazi party became one of the most extreme propaganda machines of the 20th century. The Nazi Government extensively used Propaganda to influence the German nation and to promote the views of the Regime. It was utilised with the aim of coaxing the people to think and behave in a specific manner. Goebbels was appointed Minister of Popular Enlightenment and Propaganda and his job was to use all the resources available to him to indoctrinate and retain as much of the German people's attention as possible by forcing Nazi ideals and values into their everyday lives. However, it can be shown that Nazi propaganda was not always as successful as Goebbels wanted. The Nazis used different forms of media to promote propaganda, and it had a varied effect. Propaganda that was shown through entertainment invariably was far more effective than ideological propaganda. ...read more.

Middle

By 1944 there were only 1000. Eber Verlag, the Nazi publishing house, controlled two-thirds of the press by 1939. The only news agency that was allowed was run by the Nazis, who therefore controlled information even before it got into the hands of the journalists. Newspapers were now a mouth piece for spreading the ideology of Hitler's society. However, although the numbers of opposing newspapers decreased the quality of the newspapers deteriorated. In terms of opposition, newspapers are finished but in term of editing, newspapers became very bland and subsequently readership fell sharply. This shows that newspapers were not always as successful as Goebbels wanted them to be. Despite his failure to train as an artist in Vienna, Hitler considered himself an expert on art and architecture and attempted to impose his views on the German people. He loathed modern art and instead favoured traditional, realistic art, which contrasted sharply with the creative experiments of the Weimar republic. Hitler also saw art as a form of propaganda and with Goebbels help, set out to promote art which contained acceptable images of the Nazi state. These included expressions of anti-Semitism, nationalism, promotion of war, the cult of Hitler, motherhood, the supremacy of the Aryan race, "Blood and Soil", the power and legitimacy of the Nazi party, the glorification of the Greek and Roman empires and a rejection of Christian values. ...read more.

Conclusion

Hitler could not change people's opinion of "Degenerate" art. In 1936 Hitler appointed a purge tribunal of four Nazi artists to tour all the major galleries and museums of Germany for the purpose of removing all "decadent" art. On 31st March 1936 these sequestered art works were exhibited in a special display of degenerate art in Munich. Huge crowds came to see the works rejected by Hitler. A concurrent exhibition nearby, the Greater German Art Exhibition, at which some 900 works approved by Hitler were shown dew considerably less enthusiastic crowds. This shows, therefore, that Hitler's aims of indoctrinating the German people with the Nazi aims was not working because people were far more interested in the things that Hitler disliked rather than the things he did like. Terror and fear played a vital role in the Nazi state, but it was not seen as desirable for the long term. Ultimately the aim was to achieve a racially pure state completely in tune with the Nazi principles in which concentration camps and spy networks became redundant. Goebbels was particularly of the view that this could be achieved through a concentrated propaganda campaign. Of course, propaganda was not new to the Nazi party, but in 1933 the Nazis had, for the first time, all the apparatus of the state at their disposal. Kirsty Field 13D Nazi Propaganda ...read more.

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