• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

With what justification has the period 1928-1939 been called 'Russian industrial revolution'.

Extracts from this document...


With what justification has the period 1928-1939 been called 'Russian industrial revolution'. The time period of 1928-39 has to a degree appropriately been termed the "Russian industrial revolution" as there were significant advances in the modernisation of Russia's economy under Stalin's 5-year plans and collectivisation[c1] yet the implication it was a 'revolution' can be challenged.[c2] The term Russian industrial revolution also includes the pre1928 agricultural revolution, which had to occur so that an industrial revolution could[c3]. It was caused by the collectivisation policy, which comprised of [c4]high social costs, becoming the major cause of death during its implementation. It can be argued that word 'revolution' is not justified as the economical and social success can be disputed. Revolution defined as a total and successful reformation is therefore not an appropriate term. The total amount of change in Russia was varied, with both[c5] 5-year plans producing inconsistent progresses. The success of the 'revolution' is furthermore undermined by its disorganisation and by the fact that the foundations of the industry (food) grain and livestock decreased in production. Rather[c6] 1928-39 is best expressed as the 'Russian industrial reformation' as many industries were reformed and or improved yet total success was not achieved due to the large sacrifices made in order to secure improvement. ...read more.


[c11]and demanded impossible targets. Of the five main industries of electricity, coal, pig iron, oil and steel, it was only oil that achieved its target of 21.4 million tonnes from a previous 11.7 million tonnes in 1927-8. Within the cities an additional 13 million people relocated during the first 5-year plan. Unemployment was virtually non-existent; no one was without a job, which contrasted sharply with the depression of the West. Many Russians moved to the cities to escape collectivisation or were brought to established cities to increase the number of workers there, causing huge problems of overcrowding. Others volunteered or were forced to move to remote areas such as the Urals or Siberia to establish new cities and industries. Obscuring the smooth path to complete modernisation and industrialisation were obstacles about how to feed, clothe and house the millions that had relocated to the cities and towns. By 1929 food and manufactured consumer goods were on a rationing system. The problems faced; lack of expertise in the field, insufficient machinery, knowledge of how to use it and not enough skilled technicians to repair broken parts and just simply not enough time caused production targets not to be met. ...read more.


Stalin's grounds for such haste was the fear that Russia's 'backwardness' would cause her to be dominated by more modern countries and perhaps even overtaken. Anything could be and was sacrificed for this cause including the communist Marxist ideal of egalitarianism. Also sacrificed cilivised values, health of ppl(famine) and totured. Basically huge social cost: the terror -mininmum 750,000 in labour camps by 1930. millions died. kulaks deported, shootings, exile 5th: Although the improvements in industry made during 1928-39 provide reason to imply Russia went through a revolution, the inconsistencies conflict with the total success and change. Rather call 'russian industrial reformation defined as: sorce foreign? purpose to inform, cultural comprehension, hostility, area of report, nonrussian, trained to observe, in the field vs no influence of environment/culture, historical evaluating skills, political status of writer, and year written [c1]; yet, [c2]Topic sentence [c3]This is not in the question so leave out - esp not needed in the introduction [c4]clumsy [c5]there were THREE! [c6]Comma, the period 1928-1939... [c7]Terrific! [c8]exp [c9]good TS [c10]should be a semi-colon [c11]don't put in brackets [c12]go back to the question. Also, you are becoming too narrative in satyle, stauy argumentative ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. How did living conditions change in towns as a result of the Industrial Revolution ...

    The remainder of the money goes to raw material suppliers in the British colonies and finally of the little that is left , divided among the workers. Initially , it is thought that the first pushing force which begun the Revolution was the fact the British population was gradually increasing

  2. Is Quarry Bank Mill a typical example of manufacture and production in a British ...

    As time went on and the industrial revolution took its hold (in the 19th Century) as better to build the mills on coalfields which meant they could produce cloth quicker (because of steam powered machines)

  1. 'The Five Year Plans brought glory to Stalin and misery to his people.' How ...

    the USSR an encouragement of socialism and industrialisation to other countries like Cuba and China who saw the USSR transform dramatically. However, if you compare Russia after the five-year plans to the rest of the world, they were still quite far behind.

  2. 1917 Russian Revolution Perspective

    (Calls a guard as they run past chasing Kerensky.) "Excuse me sir, I am a reporter for the BBC and was wondering if you wouldn't mind answering a few questions for me?" "No, I am not interested." "How about for a sack of flour?" "Now you are talking, fire away."

  1. Explain why there was an Industrial Revolution

    more people living in Britain to buy the goods produced by the industries which encouraged businesses to expand. An issue raised by this point is that the majority of people living in Britain at that time was poor and could not afford the products made by industry due to factors such as enclosure.

  2. How Successful Was Roosevelt’s New Deal?

    Source L is a balanced account because it describes the flaws of Stalin and also his strengths. Source L claims that Stalin was a 'gifted politician' and the author even goes so far as to say that Stalin was 'one of the greatest political figures of the twentieth century'.

  1. What were the major obstacles to the Italian movements in the period 1815-70? ...

    After 1848 Revolution, the revolutionaries successfully turned from Romanticism to Realpolitik, which means pragmatic policies. The utter failure of the Revolution showed that unification could never be achieved without careful planning and preparation. They now understand that internal strength and foreign aid was necessary for unification.

  2. Between 1928 and 1941 Stalin had a huge effect on Russia.

    This inevitably ended with strikes, starting in January 1919, and spreading in February. The army, however, supported the strikers. In March, the number of strikers rose to 250,000. The Duma set up a provisional committee to take over the government, and they refused to disband when ordered to by the Tsar.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work