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With what justification has the period 1928-1939 been called 'Russian industrial revolution'.

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Introduction

With what justification has the period 1928-1939 been called 'Russian industrial revolution'. The time period of 1928-39 has to a degree appropriately been termed the "Russian industrial revolution" as there were significant advances in the modernisation of Russia's economy under Stalin's 5-year plans and collectivisation[c1] yet the implication it was a 'revolution' can be challenged.[c2] The term Russian industrial revolution also includes the pre1928 agricultural revolution, which had to occur so that an industrial revolution could[c3]. It was caused by the collectivisation policy, which comprised of [c4]high social costs, becoming the major cause of death during its implementation. It can be argued that word 'revolution' is not justified as the economical and social success can be disputed. Revolution defined as a total and successful reformation is therefore not an appropriate term. The total amount of change in Russia was varied, with both[c5] 5-year plans producing inconsistent progresses. The success of the 'revolution' is furthermore undermined by its disorganisation and by the fact that the foundations of the industry (food) grain and livestock decreased in production. Rather[c6] 1928-39 is best expressed as the 'Russian industrial reformation' as many industries were reformed and or improved yet total success was not achieved due to the large sacrifices made in order to secure improvement. ...read more.

Middle

[c11]and demanded impossible targets. Of the five main industries of electricity, coal, pig iron, oil and steel, it was only oil that achieved its target of 21.4 million tonnes from a previous 11.7 million tonnes in 1927-8. Within the cities an additional 13 million people relocated during the first 5-year plan. Unemployment was virtually non-existent; no one was without a job, which contrasted sharply with the depression of the West. Many Russians moved to the cities to escape collectivisation or were brought to established cities to increase the number of workers there, causing huge problems of overcrowding. Others volunteered or were forced to move to remote areas such as the Urals or Siberia to establish new cities and industries. Obscuring the smooth path to complete modernisation and industrialisation were obstacles about how to feed, clothe and house the millions that had relocated to the cities and towns. By 1929 food and manufactured consumer goods were on a rationing system. The problems faced; lack of expertise in the field, insufficient machinery, knowledge of how to use it and not enough skilled technicians to repair broken parts and just simply not enough time caused production targets not to be met. ...read more.

Conclusion

Stalin's grounds for such haste was the fear that Russia's 'backwardness' would cause her to be dominated by more modern countries and perhaps even overtaken. Anything could be and was sacrificed for this cause including the communist Marxist ideal of egalitarianism. Also sacrificed cilivised values, health of ppl(famine) and totured. Basically huge social cost: the terror -mininmum 750,000 in labour camps by 1930. millions died. kulaks deported, shootings, exile 5th: Although the improvements in industry made during 1928-39 provide reason to imply Russia went through a revolution, the inconsistencies conflict with the total success and change. Rather call 'russian industrial reformation defined as: sorce foreign? purpose to inform, cultural comprehension, hostility, area of report, nonrussian, trained to observe, in the field vs no influence of environment/culture, historical evaluating skills, political status of writer, and year written [c1]; yet, [c2]Topic sentence [c3]This is not in the question so leave out - esp not needed in the introduction [c4]clumsy [c5]there were THREE! [c6]Comma, the period 1928-1939... [c7]Terrific! [c8]exp [c9]good TS [c10]should be a semi-colon [c11]don't put in brackets [c12]go back to the question. Also, you are becoming too narrative in satyle, stauy argumentative ...read more.

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