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With What Success has the British Government Attempted to Deal with the 'Irish Troubles' since 1972.

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Introduction

With What Success has the British Government Attempted to Deal with the 'Irish Troubles' since 1972. The first attempt to deal with the 'Irish Troubles' was in 1974, this was Power-Sharing. The aim of power sharing was to share power between Protestants and Catholics. The failure of this attempt was due to a working class Protestant group called the Ulster Working Council, this group called a general strike. This strike quickly grew out of control. Power sharing ended when the strikers threatened to shut down the sewage and electric power stations. It was not entirely the British government's fault, but from 1922 until 1972 Unionists had held all the power in Northern Ireland. This was one party rule. The British government had let one party rule continue for 50 years and the Unionists believed that the Government wanted to give them continued control of the situation. Power sharing failed as it was introduced to soon after one party rule. ...read more.

Middle

In 1985 the Anglo-Irish agreement was set up. This was an Agreement between the Republic of Ireland and Britain. This was the first time that Eire and Britain had worked together for peace; this had to happen for peace to happen. The reason why it took so long for an agreement of this sort to happen is because of the 'troubles' between Eire and Britain in the past, like the 1919 - 21 Civil war, 1939 - 45 World War Two and when in 1949 Eire declared its independence. This all ended in 1985. It was an agreement to set up a joint committee of the two governments so they could discuss the future of Northern Ireland, the Security forces and Justice and the law in Northern Ireland. They wanted to find a way to persuade Unionists and Nationalists to respect each other's views. Protestants believed that Britain was letting the south have a say in the running of Northern Ireland, this made them angry. ...read more.

Conclusion

A terrorist cease-fire took four years to set up. The Good Friday Agreement in 1998 was a result of peace talks and the Northern Ireland Assembly was set up. The DUP didn't join in with these peace talks and it claims "no surrender". The British Government is getting more successful at dealing with the 'Irish Troubles'; it has sometimes used the wrong timing to put changes into action however this is partly the government's fault as it allowed groups to develop and one-party rule to continue. The Good Friday agreement has been the most successful attempt so far, as it has lasted the longest, but it has also had its failures as at the moment the Northern Ireland assembly is suspended. Overall I would say that the government had little success before 1985, but it has had more success since then because it is prepared to work with more groups, like Eire and Sinn Fein, instead of trying to deal with the problems alone. ...read more.

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