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With what truth can it be asserted that the U.S.A was the land of equality for all minorities?

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Introduction

With what truth can it be asserted that the U.S.A was the land of equality for all minorities? The idea that the US was a land of equality for all minorities is one that lacks truth and accuracy. Many barriers stood in the way of the US being a land of equality, namely the negative attitude of whites, the Supreme Court, Presidents and Congress' working against them or lack of action to support them, standard of living conditions and education and minority action. The factor that created the greatest barrier was white hostility, although the other factors did play an important part. The negative attitude of white's towards minority groups was a key factor in denying them a land of equality in the U.S. The most notorious anti minority group was the Ku Klux Klan, which used any means possible to deny both African-Americans and the individual minority groups their rights, thus hindering any chance of the US becoming a land of equality for all minorities. Immigrants were targets of their hatred as they blamed for the growth in radical republicans. The Ku Klux Act of 1871 was introduced in order to try and curb their activities, increasing the chances of the US becoming equal and although it was successful in curbing some activities did not expel their activities altogether. The existence of the KKK meant that the US could not be a land of equality for all minorities. ...read more.

Middle

This is a clear example to show the United States was not a land of equality because it is a case of institutional racism where specific minorities were excluded. The Supreme Court also played an important part in whether the minorities were equal or not. They made important judgements in the efforts for equality in America, including Browder v Gayle, Plessy v Ferguson, Endo v US, Hernandez v Texas and Sacco Vanzetti, either improving, or denying equality. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Hirabayashi v US, Yasui v US and Korematsu v US that the denial of civil liberties based on race and national origin were legal creating a great barrier to the equality of minorities. In a later, contradictory ruling in Endo v US the Supreme Court decided that a loyal citizen could not be detained, but this did not stop the internment. In Hernandez v. Texas the Supreme Court struck down state policies that discriminated against Mexican Americans in jury selection. This was an important positive ruling for the plight of Native Americans as there had not been a person of Mexican origin person on the Jury in Texas for over 25 years which in turn meant that many unfair rulings had been given depending on racist feeling. An example of this is the Sacco and Vanzetti case in which two men had shot dead two Italians after a robbery. ...read more.

Conclusion

In 1972 an American Indian Movement march on Washington culminated in protestors handing President Nixon a 20-point 'position paper' demanding better civil rights. European and Asian immigrants were however less motivated to take action. The main reason behind this for Europeans was the fact that they had a more equal level of living whereas for the Asians it was that they felt that that "sit back and take what is thrown at you" to be more effective. However the fact that some minorities felt action needed to be taken demonstrates that the U.S.A was certainly not a land of equality. In conclusion, America was far from a land of equality for all immigrants. The fact that immigrants had a far lower standard of health, living and working conditions and education are great indicators that the US was not al land of equality for all minorities. Although there were groups and individuals working hard to try and achieve equality for minorities this dream was one which was still greatly out of reach. The lack of helpful interference from Congress, Presidents and Supreme Court throughout this period meant that minorities along with blacks remained inferior to whites. This was also helped along by the severe hostility they received from whites which enforced the segregation and culture gap between whites and minorities. It is therefore possible to say that the US was not a land of equality for all minorities. ...read more.

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