• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Women over 30 gained the vote in 1918 mainly because of women's contribution to the war effort

Extracts from this document...


Women over 30 gained the vote in 1918 mainly because of women's contribution to the war effort In 1918 a major milestone was reached in the fight for women's equality rights, this was women being granted suffrage by the government. During the physical endurance of the four years of the war, women proving themselves equal to men, they were rewarded the vote. The Electoral Reform bill was passed which granted voting rights to all female property owners over 30. Some historians say women were never given the vote; it was hard fought for and won. Many historians believe the war to be a turning point because not only did it seal women's victory over the government it secured their status in society as an equivalent to men. Women's emancipation came in three stages: the first was the long campaign of propaganda and organisation led by the dame Millicent Fawcett, the second was militant campaign of the suffragettes, and the third was the war. Had there been no war, the emancipation would have come, although more slowly. Therefore the war was not the most significant factor which led to the franchise. Other factors were far more important, such as the suffrage movement and other reasons. Thus the war was a catalyst in which eventually the government was forced to give women the vote. The suffrage movement was far more superior in gaining the vote for women because it led the way for the emancipation. ...read more.


This new group were the opposite of the NUWSS; they were the illegal compared to the legal and ironically they were fighting for the same cause. The WSPU were more radical and militant. The term suffragettes, was first employed in the daily mail in 1906 to distinguish the militant campaigners from the peaceful and constitutional campaigners-NUWSS. By the end of 1906 suffragettes were used for members of the WSPU and suffragists were used for members of the NUWSS. The WSPU wore green, white and purple to represent their cause and also to differentiate them from the suffragists. Their aim was to gain equal and political rights for women. They also restricted members to women only as men were seen as adversaries. The WSPU took direct and rebellious actions and committed outrageous and illegal act. These new and improved ideas included heckling politicians at meetings, chaining themselves to important buildings, burning letter boxes, held rallies, slashed artwork and assaulting police. They disrupted political meetings with publicity stunts such as abseiling in to a liberal party meeting. The increasing militancy meant that many suffragettes were imprisoned for civil disobedience- refusal to pay taxes and in general disrupting the peace. The imprisoned suffragettes went on hunger strikes- hunger strikes began in 1905 as a way of forcing the government to recognise the suffragette prisoners as political prisoners. This particular scandal gained immense publicity because the public were shocked that the authorities were force- feeding women. ...read more.


Due to this there were over a hundred deaths from TNT poisoning as well as various other illnesses. Women working with explosives developed coughing, swellings and burns. Therefore new sets of regulations on safety and health were installed. These included cleanliness, ventilation, washing facilities and appointed full- time medical officers. Women were frequently expected to work over time and paid bare- time rates for their hard work. Meals were often taken in the horrid atmosphere of the work place. It was common for several women to be lying ill due to feverish illnesses. However women never complained or whined about the inconveniences or health hazards but accepted their situation. Women were satisfied to be an asset to the war efforts. The majority of men respected women's attitude and gained major support for their actions. Conclusion Without the faithful preparations of the ground over, many years and the militant campaigners revolutionising the stereotyped image of women, the war alone would not have produced the crop.. The suffrage movement was a combination of the peaceful methods of the suffragists and the militant methods of the suffragettes. Without one another the full effects would not have been gained. The suffragists produced the foundation in which the suffragettes built upon using modernised and radical methods. Without the militancy the suffrage would have been simply ignored, also if there was no foundation the suffrage would not have begun in the first place. Whist there was a common enemy women and men united in Britain's hour of need. 1916 Glasgow Herald 'If victory was to be won men could not afford to hem women with the old restrictions.' ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. Why did women fail to gain the vote between 1900-1914?

    The people that mattered turned their backs the suffragettes were denied the right to vote yet again in 1914. The suffragettes continued to use more pro-active forms of protest, they would chain themselves to railings outside Buckingham Palace and Downing Street, they had a window smashing campaign on Oxford Street

  2. Evaluate the impact of the First World War on the social, economic and political ...

    So they knew that most people died there. During the war women were also seen as cooks. In 1917, the second U-Boat campaign had left Britain devastated. Its food supply was only down to a few days. So, posters were displayed in streets, saying that the less food women ate,

  1. Votes for Women in Britain 1900-1918

    Needless to say these people still did not believe that giving the vote to women would be a good thing and so, based on their opinions, things were still very much in the same situation as before the war and some people had actually taken a further disliking to women

  2. Women over the age of 30 gained the vote in 1918 mainly because of ...

    the election, therefore only women over the age of 30 were given the vote. In 1918 the first election where women could vote was held, many observers where surprised to see how many women had gathered to vote. Labour had lost nearly 2.5 million votes at the expense of the

  1. votes for women

    Source C is a cartoon produced by Bernard Partridge in 1906 who is writing to arouse public attention. It is a drawing of two women campaigning for the women suffrage. One of the women is a suffragist, whilst the other is a suffragette.

  2. Votes For Women c1900-28

    Why, you're its worst enemy!" There is also a reference here, like Source B, to the Suffragettes movement, referring to their "shrieking". This shows us that the artist doesn't support the Suffragette's violent movement, but does support the Suffragist's peaceful movement.

  1. did women over 30 gain the vote because of the war effort alone?

    They got all of the women's confidence rolling so they had the confidence to go on marches and express their beliefs and anger towards the whole situation. They changed the women's as well as the men's attitudes to the voting system.

  2. Votes for women

    Why you're its worst enemy! "The quotation why you're its worst enemy shows that the artist supports women suffrage but again not in a violent way. It shows that he supports and believes that the way to protest is through peacefully we can see this as the suffragist looks calm

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work