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Women's Suffrage

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Introduction

Women's Suffrage Arguments For: * The vote is a way of getting rid of other inequalities. Such as in pay, values, marriage-divorce * Less women resort to prostitution: because if women earned more they would not have to resort to prostitution. * Women were capable of being in politics, women were already changing inequalities, some were already in local elections * Britain should take example from other countries, like Australia, New Zealand and the USA * There had been changes in women's roles; women were getting better jobs, higher salaries and better living conditions. * The vote will improve men's moral and sexual behaviour, the WSPU felt that the women were the defenders of virtue whereas as men were the destroyers of chastity * Women are entitled to the vote, more and more men were getting the vote, but more and more qualified women were not, why should an illiterate male farmer get the vote when an educated, literate women he worked for does not * Britain is not a true democracy until women had the vote. How could Britain claim they were democratic when over half their adult population couldn't vote. Against: * Men and women have separate 'Spheres', may believed that men and women had different roles, men were meant to work and be interested in politics, while women were meant to clean and cook. ...read more.

Middle

This became known as the Women's Social and Political Union - Leaders chosen by members, non-democratic organization - controlled by Pankhursts. - Learned from Christabel's actions such as spitting in face of policeman that militancy was news - Mainly working class women but after 1906 - moved headquarters to London and membership of working class fell - more upper and middle class women. - Mrs Pankhurst believed it would take an active organisation, with young working class women, to draw attention to the cause. The motto of the suffragettes was 'deeds not words' and from 1912 onwards they became more militant and violent in their methods of campaign. Law-breaking, window-smashing, violence and hunger strikes all became part of this society's campaign tactics. - In 1907 the Women's Social and Political Union itself split into two groups after Emmeline Pankhurst and her daughter Christabel came into conflict with other members of the WSPU's executive body. Those who left formed the Women's Freedom League, while the Pankhursts and their supporters established an even tighter grip on the workings of the WSPU. - The rough treatment of many suffragettes arrested and jailed during the course of their protests also won the suffrage cause increasing sympathy and support from the public. The commendable behaviour of the suffrage movement during the war - suspending their protests for the sake of national unity - also proved that the women were far from unreasonable. ...read more.

Conclusion

Make a comparative assessment stating which is more reliable and why. AGREE/DISAGREE: - if asks agree also look at disagree and vice-versa. Draw a conclusion How far....something something. : -Explain which sources do and do not support statement (cross referencing sources). Then explain at end overall whether u think sources do or do not support statement. Violent methods of suffragettes help? YES * Made female suffrage front page news - attention of government and public * Raised so much publicity the issue of votes 4 women would never go away * As time went on people more accustomed to idea of women having the vote * Asquith already firmly against women getting vote, so violent methods cant make things worse. Asquith's views and harsh treatment of suffragettes were not caused by violence. NO * Violence played into hands of government, gave them excuse not 2 give women vote. Could argue its wrong to give into violence * Violence turned moderate men (and MP's) against ideas of women votes. This is why bills in house of commons (Conciliation Bill 1913) were always defeated * Violence supported view that women not responsible enough to handle vote - too emotional and hysterical. * In 1913, and 1914, NUWSS was growing popularity at expense of WSPU - some women turned away from violence ...read more.

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