• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Working Conditions in the Mines

Extracts from this document...


Working Conditions in the Mines The early nineteenth century had a dramatic rise of activity in mining of the coalfields. This was due to the increased demand for fuel to power the new machinery that would revolutionise the world. Thousands of people were drawn off the land into the mines and as the need grew, more jobs were created. Coalmining technology had evolved from simple bell pits to huge shafts and tunnels. The mines were now so large that the conditions in them became worse. They were probably as bad as the conditions of the cotton mills. ...read more.


* Canaries were taken into the mine and if the canary died, gas was present and the miners needed to leave the pit. * Two shafts were cut and a fire was lit at the base of one of them, to take in fresh air down the other. This could explode the methane. * John Buddle invented an air pump, but it was very expensive and pit owners were reluctant to pay for it. No light penetrated the deep shafts so there were also problems of lighting. Several methods were used, although none of them were very effective. ...read more.


Illness among the miners was a very common difficulty. These included things like stunted growth, crippled legs, curvature of the spine, skin irritations, heart disease, ruptures, asthma, bronchitis and rheumatism. Overall working conditions in the mines during the industrial revolution were bad, but as technology advanced, so did the precautions and solutions. Mining was a job that was mostly ignored by non-miners, but the working conditions in them were similar to other industrial jobs of the age. In 1842 the Mines Act was passed which meant no female was to be employed underground, no boy under 10 years old was to be employed underground and parish apprentices between the ages of 10 and 18 could continue to work in the mines ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. 'Peter's Pit'

    It aimed to give the empire greater strength and coherence. However the overall impact of russification was mainly negative, but did manage to secure the regime by 1905 as it successfully handled the minorities. Discrimination against non-Russians was now more open and vindictive-the Jews being the main victims.

  2. How Successful Was Roosevelt’s New Deal?

    Source L claims that Stalin was a 'gifted politician' and the author even goes so far as to say that Stalin was 'one of the greatest political figures of the twentieth century'. The author is obviously full of praise for Stalin's achievements.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work