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World War 1

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Introduction

World War I World War 1 was one of the most supreme wars ever to be fought in history. The small spark which ignited the flame set off WW1. On June 28, 1914, Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria was assassinated while visiting Sarajevo. Initially, it came out to be an additional Balkan predicament that may have surpassed without major commotion, but a month later, Austria disengaged relations with Serbia, a move that preceded war by only a few days. Germany stood back of Austria's actions, while Russia stepped forward to defend its small Balkan friend. Regardless of hysterical efforts by impending peacemakers to confine the war, it spread like wildfire. As the world looked on, Europe erupted into war almost overnight. Gavrilo was born to postal worker; Princip was born in Obljaj, Bosnia. His father, Petar, was married late in life to a neighbouring woman, Maria, also recognized as Nana, who was fourteen years younger than her husband. He left his house at the age of thirteen and set off for Sarajevo to live with his brother, Jovo. Jovo was optimistic to support his younger brother to join the military school in Sarajevo, considering it would show the way to a profession as an officer. His first 3 years at the school were humdrum. ...read more.

Middle

At 10:15 A.M., as the six car parade went by the central police station, nineteen year old Nedeljko Cabrinovic launched a hand grenade at the archduke's car. The driver of the car accelerated when he noticed the bomb coming towards the car and thus, narrowly missed the bomb. The bomb however had a 10 second delay and as a result, blew up underneath the wheel of the next car. Two of the occupants of the next car, Eric von Merizzi and Count Boos-Waldeck were fatally injured. Around a dozen spectators were also struck by small pieces of the bomb. After Cabrinovic's bomb missed the Archduke's car, five other conspirators, including Princip, were so stunned at the explosion that they lost their opportunity to attack. The heavy crowds and the high speed of the Archduke's car were also reasons of the loss of opportunity. To shun capture, Cabrinovic swallowed a cyanide pill and jumped into the nearby river. The problem was, the cyanide was too old and only caused Cabrinovic to vomit and the river was only 3 inches deep. He was hauled out and detained by police. Franz Ferdinand decided he ought to go to the hospital to visit the victims of Cabrinovic's futile bomb attempt. With the intention of avoiding the city centre (for fear of another assassination attempt) ...read more.

Conclusion

1914-Britain, Russia and France agreed not to sign for peace separately. The increasing European segregation had directed to an arms race amid the major countries. The armies of both France and Germany had more than doubled between 1870 and 1914 and there was vicious rivalry between Britain and Germany for mastery of the seas. The British had introduced the 'Dreadnought', an efficient battleship, in 1906. The Germans soon trailed along by introducing their own battleships. The Brits had a way in the navy battle where they would look at the next two powers in line, combine their forces and see if their forces were better than the combined force. Germany was increasing in naval power and so did the British. The German, Von Schlieffen also drew up a plan of action that involved attacking France through Belgium if Russia made an attack on Germany. The map on the right shows the plan. An additional aspect which contributed to the enhancement in opposition in Europe was imperialism. Foreign markets were crucial for Great Britain, Germany and France subsequent to the increase in manufacturing caused by the Industrial Revolution. These countries struggled for economic development in Africa. Even though Britain and France sat on their disparities in Africa, numerous calamities prophesising the war implicated the conflict between Germany, Britain and France in North Africa. In the Middle East, the fragmenting Turkish Empire was tempting to Austria-Hungary, the Balkans and Russia. ...read more.

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