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World War 1 Promises

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World War One Promises During World War One Britain made several promises in the forms of letters to various people. The first was the McMahon letter. This was written to Sherif Hussein, the leader of the Arabs in the Middles east, by Sir Henry McMahon, British High Commissioner in Egypt. It pleaded the British cause to the Arabs saying that is the Arabs supported Britain against Turkey in WW1 the British would give their support for the freedom of the Arabs peoples as a nation. The letter also stated that the area to the left of Damascus, which includes Palestine, was excluded from the agreement. The letter was written in 1915 The second promise was to the general Jewish community. The letter was actually sent to Lord Rothschild, a leading member of the Jewish community. The letter was called the Balfour Declaration after the man who wrote it, Sir Arthur Balfour, the British Foreign Secretary. ...read more.


This would have seemed like an insult to their nation saying they needed protecting. Some Jews however may have seen that having British protection could be useful as it would let the nation rebuild itself while the Britons protected them. They would also benefit from British technology and industry. Palestinian Arabs Reaction The Palestinian Arabs would have been initially happy but the release of the McMahon letter by the British as it showed support for their cause against the Turks. However critics may have pointed out that the letter excluded that area west of Damascus, which includes Palestine, so therefore the promise was useless to the Arabs living in that area.. As well as this perceptive Arabs may have seen that the British were only to support so that they would help them fight Turkey. The Arabs would have hated the Balfour Declaration. They would have seen this document as a betrayal by the British; however literary Arabs would have notice the catch in the letter and see the letter not as a disaster but merely as a setback. ...read more.


Also the war had cost the Jews international support as with their "pre-emptive" air strike they had actually started the conflict. Some Jews would have been unhappy because in their religion it says "thou shall not kill" and in the war many soldiers died on both sides. Palestinian Arab Reaction The Palestinians reaction would have been of despair as their neighbours combined forces had been defeated. They had also lost control of Jerusalem, a central city in their nation and in their religion. They would also be depressed because their territories had been taken away form benevolent powers and given to the Jews who were likely to be intolerant and hard rulers. Some Arabs however might see that the Jews had united palatine again and all that was needed now was a revolt. The hatred and terror of the war could also have affected many Arabs who could possibly be come future suicide bombers. ?? ?? ?? ?? Page 1 of 3 Tom Everett 11X ...read more.

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