• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

World war I was a military conflict that lasted for four years, August 1914 to November 1918.

Extracts from this document...


Claudette S. Calixte History Course-Work World war I was a military conflict that lasted for four years, August 1914 to November 1918. It involved many of the European countries as well as the United States and other nations throughout the world. World War I was one of the most violent and destructive wars in European history. More than 10 million men were killed and more than 20 million wounded. The war began as a clash between two coalitions of European countries. The first coalition, known as the Allied Powers, included the United Kingdoms, France, Belgium, Serbia, Montenegro, and the Russian Empire. The Central Powers, which opposed them, consisted of the empires of Germany and Austria-Hungary. Japan joined the Allied Powers in 1914. The Ottoman Empire joined the Central Powers in 1914, as did Bulgaria in 1915. The same year, Italy entered the war on the Allied side. Although the Untied States initially remained neutral, it joined the Allies in1917. ...read more.


Nationalistic Beliefs: strong feelings of nationalism fed the fires of hatred in pre-war Europe. It turned Frenchman against German and Russian against Austrian. Nationalistic speeches and writings hastened the war by portraying it as the best test for proof of national superiority. The immediate cause of the war was the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand, the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, by a Serbian nationalist. On the morning of June 28, 1914, while traveling in a motorcade through Sarajevo, the capital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Archduke Francis Ferdinand and his wife Sophie were assassinated by a Serbian nationalist. The Archduke had ignored warnings of a possible assassination plot and decided to tour the capital on the anniversary of the 1389 battle of Kosovo. In this battle the Turks, ending Serbia's independence as a nation, defeated Serbia. The Archduke was chosen as a target because Serbians were afraid that after his ascension to the throne, he would continue the persecution of Serbs living within the Austro-Hungarian Empire. ...read more.


Austrian foreign minister Count Leopold von Berchtold was determined to make use of the assassinations to crush once and for all the Serbian nationalist movement. Berchtold sent an envoy to Berlin, who was assured by Emperor William II on July 5th that Germany would fully support any action which the Dual Monarchy might take against Serbia. On July 6th, German chancellor Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg issued the blank check of unconditional German support. On July 23, 1914, Austria-Hungary presented Serbia with a lengthy list of demands, with a 48- hour period in which to comply. These demands included abolishing all Pan-Serb propaganda, expelling from office any persons thought to have nationalist sympathies, taking legal action against certain officials designated by Austria-Hungary, and allowing agents of the Dual Monarchy to control all investigations and proceedings concerning the Sarajevo murders. Minutes before the July 25th deadline, Serbia issued a conciliatory reply to Berchtold's demands, stating that Serbia wished the dispute to be submitted to the International Tribunal at the Hague. This conciliation was rejected. On July 28, 1914, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia. World War I had begun. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Why Did The First World War Break Out in 1914?

    5 star(s)

    Quay and onto Franz Joseph Street, as originally planned, to travel to the museum. General Potoirek leaned forward. "What is this? This is the wrong way! We're supposed to take the Appel Quay!" The driver put on the brakes and began to back up.

  2. How successful was Bismarckas Chancellor in his foreign policies between 1871-1890?

    This would be considered a normal situation if we have in account Germany was a rising European power and certainly would want to show her greatness by having an Empire overseas. However, until then his view on colonial possessions was totally the opposite: the fact that in 1871 he refused

  1. Questions on World War One.

    Responsibility of Anglo-German confrontation lay on Germany's political blunder. Traditional Anglo-German relation was friendly - personal link between Britain and Germany's royal family - Bismarck's restraint and cautious foreign policy Bismarck tried his best not to antagonize Britain : i.

  2. haig coursework

    The source says 'Germany's spirit of resistance was broken...' but I know that the allies were losing and the Germans were winning because they had more men than the allies, it was in fact the allied side who were suffering.

  1. In 1914 Europe plunged in to the abyss of total war due to the ...

    the military alliance against a Russian attack in regards to the Balkans. However to reinvigorate Russian diplomatic involvement Bismarck negotiated the renewal of the Driekaiserbund in 1887 where they agreed that Austria could annex Bosnia and Herzegovina while Russia was granted freedom to use the Straits.

  2. World War I Coursework

    a victim of its own success and helped the Allies to win the war by breaking the stalemate. A third turning point in the war was America joining the war. They joined because Germany kept sinking their boats, so they declared war on them.

  1. To what extent did nationalism within the Austria-Hungarian Empire contribute to the outbreak of ...

    Russia supported Russia in the Far East (to compensate Russia's loss in the West). Consideration of Internal politics - related to his philosophy - conservatism against socialism - the need of industrialization - the maintenance of the armies (therefore there was the war scare).

  2. Why did the First World War break out in August 1914?

    The next factor I will be discussing is the Scramble for Africa. The Scramble for Africa involved rival European countries racing in order to gain possession, overseas, of the African territory in the late 19th century. The competition that took place between the Europeans often resulted in violent conflict.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work