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World War II timeline

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Introduction

Development of World War II 1939 August 24th: Hitler and Stalin sign the Nazi-Soviet Pact, agreeing not to attack each other and to divide Poland between them. September: Germany and the USSR invade Poland. WWII begins. Poland collapses in a few days. Canada enters the War with Britain. The Battle of the Atlantic begins. September 2nd: Britain and France declare war on Germany, but didn't send troops to defend Poland. 1940 April: Hitler invades Denmark and Norway. Norway would provide naval bases. Winston Churchill replaces Chamberlain (British PM). May: Hitler invades France, swept the Netherlands and Belgium and conquers most of France in two months. It was called the "blitzkrieg" or "lightning war". May 26th to June 4th: 340.000 BEF and French troops were evacuated from Dunkirk. France lost 40% of its army and 80% of its equipment. June 12th: Italy declares war on France. June 21st: France surrenders and becomes part of the Axis alliance. South-east France becomes a self-governing region, run by Marshal P�tain, who declared his intention to cooperate with the Nazis. ...read more.

Middle

December 8th: the USA declares war on Japan. December 11th: Hitler declares war on the USA. 1942 February: Allies begin intensive bombing in civilian targets in Germany. May: the first Japanese defeat. Japan invades large areas of the Philippines and the Dutch East Indies. The Midway Battle, where Americans destroy four Japanese carriers. September: after heavy defeats by Soviet forces the Germans began their retreat from Ukraine. 1943 January: Roosevelt and Churchill meet and decide to bomb Germany instead of France. January 31st: the German general Paulus surrenders and the USSR wins the Battle of Stalingrad. January-February: Japanese evacuated Guadalcanal, a well-defended Japanese position in the Pacific. Japan admits that they cannot maintain the defensive ring of islands. April: turning point of the Battle of the Atlantic. Improved convoy systems and the breaking of the Germans' secret codes increased Allied effectiveness. May: Germans are driven out of North Africa in operation Torch. June: Americans begin submarine warfare against Japanese shipping. ...read more.

Conclusion

May 8th: end of WWII in Europe. July 17th: a bombing air raid on Tokyo by 1500 planes met no opposition. July 30th: Japan rejects allied offer of armistice. August 6th and 9th: atomic bombs dropped in Hiroshima (6th) and Nagasaki (9th), ordered by the American President Harry Truman. August 14th: Japan surrenders. End of WWII. September 1939 to March 1940: the "Phoney War". Britain and France had promised to defend Poland but did not. Hitler could easily take over it, and he was confident that they would rather agree to a peace deal than continue war. 1939 to 1944: Battle of the Atlantic, battle for control of the North Atlantic Ocean, which was vital for Britain because it was the link that brought supplies from Canada and the USA. In the early stages of the war, the German U-Boats had the upper hand, but as from 1941 Britain began to be more effective. September 1942 to January 1943: battle of Stalingrad, won by the USSR with help from Britain and the USA. July to August 1943: battle of Kursk, won by the USSR with help from Britain and the USA. ?? ?? ?? ?? - 1 - ...read more.

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