• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

World War II timeline

Extracts from this document...


Development of World War II 1939 August 24th: Hitler and Stalin sign the Nazi-Soviet Pact, agreeing not to attack each other and to divide Poland between them. September: Germany and the USSR invade Poland. WWII begins. Poland collapses in a few days. Canada enters the War with Britain. The Battle of the Atlantic begins. September 2nd: Britain and France declare war on Germany, but didn't send troops to defend Poland. 1940 April: Hitler invades Denmark and Norway. Norway would provide naval bases. Winston Churchill replaces Chamberlain (British PM). May: Hitler invades France, swept the Netherlands and Belgium and conquers most of France in two months. It was called the "blitzkrieg" or "lightning war". May 26th to June 4th: 340.000 BEF and French troops were evacuated from Dunkirk. France lost 40% of its army and 80% of its equipment. June 12th: Italy declares war on France. June 21st: France surrenders and becomes part of the Axis alliance. South-east France becomes a self-governing region, run by Marshal P�tain, who declared his intention to cooperate with the Nazis. ...read more.


December 8th: the USA declares war on Japan. December 11th: Hitler declares war on the USA. 1942 February: Allies begin intensive bombing in civilian targets in Germany. May: the first Japanese defeat. Japan invades large areas of the Philippines and the Dutch East Indies. The Midway Battle, where Americans destroy four Japanese carriers. September: after heavy defeats by Soviet forces the Germans began their retreat from Ukraine. 1943 January: Roosevelt and Churchill meet and decide to bomb Germany instead of France. January 31st: the German general Paulus surrenders and the USSR wins the Battle of Stalingrad. January-February: Japanese evacuated Guadalcanal, a well-defended Japanese position in the Pacific. Japan admits that they cannot maintain the defensive ring of islands. April: turning point of the Battle of the Atlantic. Improved convoy systems and the breaking of the Germans' secret codes increased Allied effectiveness. May: Germans are driven out of North Africa in operation Torch. June: Americans begin submarine warfare against Japanese shipping. ...read more.


May 8th: end of WWII in Europe. July 17th: a bombing air raid on Tokyo by 1500 planes met no opposition. July 30th: Japan rejects allied offer of armistice. August 6th and 9th: atomic bombs dropped in Hiroshima (6th) and Nagasaki (9th), ordered by the American President Harry Truman. August 14th: Japan surrenders. End of WWII. September 1939 to March 1940: the "Phoney War". Britain and France had promised to defend Poland but did not. Hitler could easily take over it, and he was confident that they would rather agree to a peace deal than continue war. 1939 to 1944: Battle of the Atlantic, battle for control of the North Atlantic Ocean, which was vital for Britain because it was the link that brought supplies from Canada and the USA. In the early stages of the war, the German U-Boats had the upper hand, but as from 1941 Britain began to be more effective. September 1942 to January 1943: battle of Stalingrad, won by the USSR with help from Britain and the USA. July to August 1943: battle of Kursk, won by the USSR with help from Britain and the USA. ?? ?? ?? ?? - 1 - ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. History - The Effects of evacuation in world war 2

    And clean sheets. This was all very odd. And rather 'scaring'". This boy: Bernard Kops. Was from Stepney. A very poor, run down area of London. So Bernard's life will have been affected in many ways. He had never brushed his teeth, had hot water or clean sheets.

  2. Notes on the Solidarity movement in Poland.

    It could not let Poland be run by an independent union. * Solidarity did not help much. Poland was in chaos: meat and fish supplies fell by 25%, rationing introduced in April 1981, National income down by 13%, industrial production by 11% and trade by 20%, wages increased less then

  1. How did the Red scare and McCarthyism become such a dominant force in the ...

    It was against President Truman's wishes, but congress passed it never-the -less. It made it illegal for any American to get involved in activities, which might lead to the establishment of a Communist government in the United States. Its two main points were: 1.

  2. In What Ways Did The Nazis Attempt To Eliminate All The Jews In Europe ...

    A figure of 1 million Jews is shown to be the sum of the killings made by the Einsatzgruppen. Methods of purposeful violence to eliminate Jews from society can be acknowledged from the limits that the Einsatzgruppen went to: when they ran out of bullets they used flame throwers.

  1. In February 1943, the German army surrendered at Stalingrad. Was Hitler's interference the main ...

    This meant that the infantry were unsupported, making assaulting structures much harder. Another element of Blitzkrieg that was lost was the concentration of forces, as Hitler had done the opposite and dispersed his forces; instead of heading for one with both armies, and then securing the other, he tried to capture both simultaneously.

  2. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    Stalin wanted Berlin to be dependent on the USSR. He wanted to blockade around West Germany so that he could control them. He did not want the western zones to be strong because this could be a threat to the USSR.

  1. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    Distrust - Negotiation over any issue was difficult - Encouraged the arms race & space race - Each side felt it needed to deal with the other from a position of superiority Spying (Espionage) - USA created a National Security Council in 1947 and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

  2. Edexcel Cold War 1943-1991 Revision (Detailed)

    Syria and Egypt, backed by the Soviet Union, made an attack on Israel that was surprise and, consequently, Israelis recovered, won and were sent replacement military equipment by the USA. Brezhnev suggested a USA-Soviet Pact was in order to save the Egyptian Army from the Israelis, Nixon refused and was angry at Brezhnev.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work