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World War One

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Introduction

History Coursework- World War One 1. The writer and cartoonist who designed Source A are trying to send the message to British readers that the troops have hit the Somme with succession and are winning the battle. The picture in the source is a map of the Western Front being portrayed as a German or the Kaiser. The outlined face looks as though he is about to swallow Verdun but also has a look of surprise as a fist, which is labelled as 'British Army', is pummelling straight onto the Germans nose, which is where the Somme is marked. This is implying that the Britons are attacking the Somme with force, damaging the German army and having more power than them. The punch is also meant to represent the new attack on the Somme forcing the Kaiser away from Verdun. The title ' The Day Goes Well For Our Patriotic Heroes' is also another piece of lying and misleading propaganda that is giving the idea that the first day of the Battle of the Somme was successful on Britain's behalf. It also shows that we are winning the war giving people at home the thought of joining the army when in fact a considerably large amount of men have had to sacrifice their life with 20,000 dead on the first day. ...read more.

Middle

One picture shows a man in a small cramped trench carrying someone over his shoulder that is most likely injured or even dead. The second picture is of another man also helping an injured soldier in the trench. He had probably gone over to 'No Mans Land', been shot and somebody had gone to collect him from the rear trenches. These two pictures potray soldiers 'going over' but in fact they are at a training ground and even without a caption we can know this as they have no backpacks on and there is no barbed wire/defense mechanisms above ground. Source H is a true extract from the experience of one of the 'Bradford Pals Battalion' and he was one of the many who went over and attacked on the first day of the Battle of the Somme so this piece of writing is a valid piece of evidence to describe life going over into 'No Mans Land'. William Slater (the writer) describes going over the top at the Somme like "strolling along through a park" which agrees with what the men were supposedly told to do by Rawlinson. ...read more.

Conclusion

First, a man named Fuller said 'His stubbornness in the offensive all but ruined us on the Somme' and the PW Turner in 'Not For Glory' said 'the whole planning of the Somme campaign was ham-fisted and clumsy' and ' the fault of the failure of most of the strategic planning must fall on Haig.' All quotes deny Haig praise for his work. But source A, a piece of Propaganda is a map of the Western Front being portrayed as the Kaiser. The outlined face has a look of surprise as a fist, which has the words 'British Army' imprinted on it, is pummelling straight into the Germans nose, which is where the Somme is marked. This is representing the idea that the British soldiers are succeeding at the Somme and fighting with force, damaging them where it hurts. So overall it is showing Haigs plan as a successful one. After reviewing all evidence, sources, propaganda and quotes I have made the decision that General Douglas Haig was a not a slaughterer but not the most brilliant commander either. He had to make a series of tough, historic choices and though his Somme plan was very odd and contained plans which did not make sense we still won the Battle Of The Somme and that was our goal. ?? ?? ?? ?? Reuben Conibear- 10X2 ...read more.

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