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World War Two Evacuation Sources Questions

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Introduction

1) 2) Study Sources B and C. Which source is more useful as evidence about the start of the childrens evacuation journey? Explain your answer using sources B and C and knowledge from your own studies. Source B and source C both had advantages and disadvantages in relation with each other and sources in general, first I will evaluate them both and then reach a conclusion answering the title question. One of the main advantages source B has, is that it was taken (photo image) in 1939 at the time of evacuation during WW2, also the fact that it is a photo gives it advantages, but it also has flaws. The main handicap of a photo, is that it could have been posed for and their would be no obvious evidence to prove or disprove that it is a staged photo. Using my background information on evacuation during WW2, I think it is unlikely the picture is posed because during the start of the journey they thought it was just another trip with their class, with their friends. They were not informed and could not foresee that they would be split up and that they would be placed into an unknown environment. ...read more.

Middle

In my opinion source B would be more useful from a historians point of view if their were 2 or 3 photos at least of the beginning of evacuation. This would give a broader view, showing the historian more perspectives and perhaps and obvious change in emotions from the people in the picture. This would also help the historian see if the start of evacuation was well prepared or disorganised. Source B's main flaw is the time in which it was written, in 1988 after WW2 had ended. It also does not specify if the teacher actually experienced the war herself. Suggesting that she could have just made up the information given, or copied it form unreliable text; although from reading/studying many other evacuation sources I would say this is on the right lines of how evacuation began. As source C is a written source, it gets rid of a lot of the limitations a photo has, but it also encounters some limitations that a photo doesn't, such as its reliability. As it would be very difficult to tamper with a picture, yet it is easy to adjust a written source. ...read more.

Conclusion

Although it could mean the picture source shows a group of friends being evacuated as a class and source C describing a mix of people who do not know each other. In which case it would be unlikely that they would be talking as they have never met before and would be separated from them shortly anyway. Using my previous knowledge on the topic of evacuation, I would say source C is more useful, purely because it gives feelings and emotions about the occasion. Source B gives more information on how the children were assembled and what clothes they were wearing, this information is also factual and useful; but in my opinion not as useful as a proper account on how the journey to evacuation felt. Yet both sources are useful because I think they are equally reliable. Source B has the flaw of possibly being posed and source C has no dating. These flaws give the sources limitations, but makes them equally reliable because they both have one major defect. Source C also agrees more with my own knowledge, as I think it more likely the children would be distressed about going to evacuation; rather than joyous as they are shown in source B. ...read more.

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