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World War Two - The Police State

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Introduction

WORLD WAR TWO The Police State Nazi Germany is often described as a totalitarian state meaning that individual people were completely controlled by the Government. A Security system was set up to ensure that Nazi ideas and policies were followed and that any opposition was dealt with. The control was enforced by Heinrich Himmler - head of the Nazi Police * This was the SS a military corps which was established in 1925, Heinrich Himmler took over control in 1929. * In 1936 it took over the police force including the Gestapo, they did exactly what they wanted in Germany. * The SS had its own schools, factories and race farms, these were set up to produce 'perfect' German children. The Gestapo was set up by Hermann Goering in 1933 and then it was linked to the SS in 1936 when Reynhard Heydrich supervised it. He was one of the most ruthless of the Nazis. He worked closely with Himmler who was his superior. Most of the people of Germany did not dare to question Hitler's Authority. Any person who did would be arrested and tortured, they would often be taken late at night and punishment would be to be sent to a concentration camp, or alternatively to be executed. ...read more.

Middle

The girls would join the BDM (league of German Girls) they had to practise Nazi ideas but unlike the boys who would be doing military style activities, the girls were only allowed to practise domestic skills. Once they got to seventeen, girls were expected to concentrate on their health and looks to prepare them for being good wives and mothers. The boys would be using machine guns with live ammunition for their military training and to give them good discipline. By 1939 there were eight million young Germans who were part of the Hitler Youth Movement. Hitler made sure that the young people of Germany would be loyal to him. He did this by: * Having textbooks re-written to make sure that Nazis were shown in a good light * Sending teachers on compulsory training courses to make sure that the Nazi ideas were included in their lessons German school children therefore did not really receive an education, but it was called an indoctrination which means making people believe in a set of ideas. CENSORSHIP AND THE MEDIA Doctor Joseph Goebbels was the Minister of Enlightenment and Propaganda. He had one of the most important jobs in the Nazi Government. ...read more.

Conclusion

Propaganda was used in papers and magazines accusing members of religious orders of sexually immoral behaviour. Relations became increasingly worse and then Pope Pius XI wrote a letter which was to be read out in all German Catholic churches on 3 March 1937 attacking Nazi policies. Archbishop Clemens von Galen of Munster became a preacher against Nazi policies and because he became so well known and famous he managed to avoid getting arrested. Hitler thought the Protestant churches were an easier target and planned to capture them and join them together under a Nazi bishop. He did seem to have succeeded by 1933 when Ludwig Muller was elected as the bishop of German Christians. Martin Niemoller did not want this to happen. He support 75% of Germany's 8000 pastors. Together they formed the Confessional Church as a rival to the Nazis German Christians. Hans Kerrl was made Minister of Church Affairs and was ordered to end the division, but he failed. Hitler then made the Confessional Church illegal and Niemoller and hundreds of other pastors were arrested and sent to prison. Kerrl had control of the buildings and the funds but he was not able to control their minds. It was the Confessional Church who were the only ones to protest against the Nazi treatment of the Jews. Jehovah's Witnesses were also treated really badly if their teachings contradicted Nazi ideas. ...read more.

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