• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Write an account of what life in Ireland was like in the middle of the 13th century, using archaeological evidence as your source material.

Extracts from this document...


Write an account of what life in Ireland was like in the middle of the 13th century, using archaeological evidence as your source material. The aim of this essay is by using only the evidence from the archaeological records describe daily life in Ireland and what It was like in the period of the mid thirteenth century. The excavations of Ireland that have taken place especially over the last fifteen years along the coastal towns have given us an amazing substantial amount of information about how people of medieval Ireland managed to live their lives on a daily basis. This essay will concentrate on many different themes of daily life that existed in 13th century Ireland. These will include farming, medieval industry, and the new Church buildings that were being constructed by the arrival of the Anglo Normans. This essay will also look at town life and the different crafts that people undertook to make a living in thirteenth century Ireland. The first part of this essay will discuss the medieval industries that were used throughout this period. ...read more.


Metalworking was possibly one of the most favoured and one of the most important. Like ordinary objects, impressive objects such as reliquaries and shrines were also manufactured (O'Keefe 2000, 102). Iron slag which is a by product of smelting have been found in excavations across Ireland, especially at Carrickfergus in county Antrim and at Boucher's castle in county Limerick. Evidence has also been archaeologically excavated at Coney Island in Armagh and Lismahon in Down. However the majority of archaeological evidence comes from Cork. Metalworking seems to have been very important in people's daily life throughout the 13th century (O'Keefe 2000, 102). An archaeological site in Limerick known as Caherguillamore produces great evidence of this period. There were two houses alongside each other and were described as being peasant long houses. Agriculture seems to have been very dominant as the evidence shows (Barry 1987, 74). A wide range of metal objects has been uncovered such as knives, keys, buckles, shears and home ornaments. Other objects that were found to show agriculture was dominant was that of querns, spindle whorls, and even some whetstone have been excavated. ...read more.


Monasteries were very much part and parcel of 13th century life in Ireland. This period was definitely the most important time as in relation to that of the Anglo Norman influence. In Grey of Down the Cistercian abbey is one such example (Ryan 1994, 173). Anglo Norman lords dwelled in Augustinian houses like that of Kells. This period was very important for the building of parish churches and for the building of new cathedrals. The great Christ Church cathedral was built in Dublin between 1215-1235. This again was of Gothic style and it displayed how much of an impact the Anglo Normans had in 13th century Ireland (Ryan 1994, 174). In conclusion this essay has given an account of what life was like in 13th century Ireland. This essay has incorporated the majority of the various and different activities that people undertook on a daily basis. This indeed was the period of the Anglo Norman arrival onto the island and they clearly had quite an impact on the native Irish especially through the many new buildings that were constructed. This essay has given an account of the main crafts and industries that existed from this period, which has been backed up by archaeological evidence. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Northern Ireland Essay

    This was because by then it was currently under English control. It was for that reason that the tactic of plantation was ordered by Queen Elizabeth. 'Plantation' was the move of Protestant settlers top Northern Ireland. From this Catholics in the areas were left with hardly anything and land being taken off them and given to the Protestants.

  2. Ireland - Modern World Study

    set off a bomb in a busy high street of Omagh, 29 people were killed and many were injured. The bomb brought widespread condemnation from both sides. The Real IRA declared they would call a cease-fire shortly afterwards. This has helped so far.

  1. Northern Ireland - source related questions and answers

    The building behind him looks very old and worn down, it is built of stone and cement and has a corrugated most probably tin roof. This source is not very reliable as photos can be easily doctored and also this may only be one small section of this man's house or even his shed.

  2. Catholics in Northern Ireland - source related study.

    Similarly, we cannot tell from Source B if prejudice towards Catholics was present before 1959 or even whether employers chose to listen to the UPA and discriminate against Catholics. 4. In Source G, Reverend Ian Paisley suggests that 'civil rights' was an IRA movement focused around Nationalism rather than trying to achieve equality for Catholics.

  1. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    They become self sufficient communities. Not only do they have the barricades to keep the army out but they produce their own media. They have their own private radios, they have their own local broadsheets in which they tell each other what is going on.

  2. Belfast in the 17th century.

    From 1800-1850 the conditions in Belfast were appalling. The streets were dirty, houses were overcrowded and the Lagan was used a sewer. So not surprisingly in 1847 there was an outbreak of typhus which was followed by cholera in 1848.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work