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Write an account of what life in Ireland was like in the middle of the 13th century, using archaeological evidence as your source material.

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Write an account of what life in Ireland was like in the middle of the 13th century, using archaeological evidence as your source material. The aim of this essay is by using only the evidence from the archaeological records describe daily life in Ireland and what It was like in the period of the mid thirteenth century. The excavations of Ireland that have taken place especially over the last fifteen years along the coastal towns have given us an amazing substantial amount of information about how people of medieval Ireland managed to live their lives on a daily basis. This essay will concentrate on many different themes of daily life that existed in 13th century Ireland. These will include farming, medieval industry, and the new Church buildings that were being constructed by the arrival of the Anglo Normans. This essay will also look at town life and the different crafts that people undertook to make a living in thirteenth century Ireland. The first part of this essay will discuss the medieval industries that were used throughout this period. ...read more.


Metalworking was possibly one of the most favoured and one of the most important. Like ordinary objects, impressive objects such as reliquaries and shrines were also manufactured (O'Keefe 2000, 102). Iron slag which is a by product of smelting have been found in excavations across Ireland, especially at Carrickfergus in county Antrim and at Boucher's castle in county Limerick. Evidence has also been archaeologically excavated at Coney Island in Armagh and Lismahon in Down. However the majority of archaeological evidence comes from Cork. Metalworking seems to have been very important in people's daily life throughout the 13th century (O'Keefe 2000, 102). An archaeological site in Limerick known as Caherguillamore produces great evidence of this period. There were two houses alongside each other and were described as being peasant long houses. Agriculture seems to have been very dominant as the evidence shows (Barry 1987, 74). A wide range of metal objects has been uncovered such as knives, keys, buckles, shears and home ornaments. Other objects that were found to show agriculture was dominant was that of querns, spindle whorls, and even some whetstone have been excavated. ...read more.


Monasteries were very much part and parcel of 13th century life in Ireland. This period was definitely the most important time as in relation to that of the Anglo Norman influence. In Grey of Down the Cistercian abbey is one such example (Ryan 1994, 173). Anglo Norman lords dwelled in Augustinian houses like that of Kells. This period was very important for the building of parish churches and for the building of new cathedrals. The great Christ Church cathedral was built in Dublin between 1215-1235. This again was of Gothic style and it displayed how much of an impact the Anglo Normans had in 13th century Ireland (Ryan 1994, 174). In conclusion this essay has given an account of what life was like in 13th century Ireland. This essay has incorporated the majority of the various and different activities that people undertook on a daily basis. This indeed was the period of the Anglo Norman arrival onto the island and they clearly had quite an impact on the native Irish especially through the many new buildings that were constructed. This essay has given an account of the main crafts and industries that existed from this period, which has been backed up by archaeological evidence. ...read more.

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